Aims: We report the discovery of CXO J1415.2+3610, a distant (z ~ 1.5) galaxy cluster serendipitously detected as an extended source with a very high significance level (S/N ~ 11) in a deep, high-resolution Chandra observation targeted to study the cluster WARP J1415.1+3612 at z = 1.03. This is the highest-z cluster discovered with Chandra so far. Moreover, the total exposure time of 280 ks with ACIS-S provides the deepest X-ray observation currently achieved on a cluster at z ≥ 1.5. Methods: We perform an X-ray spectral fit of the extended emission of the intracluster medium (ICM) with Xspec assuming a single-temperature thermal mekal model. We use optical and infrared (IR) observations from Subaru-Suprime (BVRiz), Moircs (JKs), and Spitzer-IRAC (3.6 μm) to confirm the presence of an overdensity of red galaxies matching the X-ray extended emission. We use optical and IR data to investigate the color-magnitude relation of the candidate member galaxies. Results: From a preliminary X-ray spectral analysis, we detect at a 99.5% confidence level the rest frame 6.7-6.9 keV Iron Kα line complex, from which we obtain zX = 1.46 ± 0.025. Our X-ray redshift measurement is supported by the optical and IR data. The analysis of the z - 3.6 μm color-magnitude diagram shows a well-defined sequence of red galaxies within 1' from the cluster X-ray emission peak with a color range [5 < z - 3.6 μm < 6]. The photometric redshift obtained by spectral energy distribution fitting is zphot = 1.52 ± 0.06. After fixing the redshift to z = 1.46, we perform the final spectral analysis and measure the average gas temperature with a 20% error, kT = 5.8-1.0+1.2 keV, and the Fe abundance ZFe = 1.3-0.5+0.8 Z⊙. We fit the background-subtracted surface brightness with a single beta-model out to 35 arcsec (the maximum radius where the X-ray emission is detected), and derive the deprojected electron density profile. The ICM mass is 1.09-0.2+0.3 × 1013 M⊙ within 300 kpc. Under the assumption of hydrostatic equilibrium, the total mass is M2500 = 8.6-1.7+2.1 × 1013 M⊙ for R2500 = (220 ± 55) kpc. Extrapolating the profile at larger radii, we find M500 = 2.1-0.5+0.7 × 1014 M⊙ for R500 = 510-50+55 kpc. This analysis establishes CXOJ1415.2+3610 as one of the best characterized distant galaxy clusters based on X-ray data alone.

Chandraand optical/IR observations of CXO J1415.2+3610, a massive, newly discovered galaxy cluster atz~ 1.5

BORGANI, STEFANO;SARTORIS, BARBARA;
2013

Abstract

Aims: We report the discovery of CXO J1415.2+3610, a distant (z ~ 1.5) galaxy cluster serendipitously detected as an extended source with a very high significance level (S/N ~ 11) in a deep, high-resolution Chandra observation targeted to study the cluster WARP J1415.1+3612 at z = 1.03. This is the highest-z cluster discovered with Chandra so far. Moreover, the total exposure time of 280 ks with ACIS-S provides the deepest X-ray observation currently achieved on a cluster at z ≥ 1.5. Methods: We perform an X-ray spectral fit of the extended emission of the intracluster medium (ICM) with Xspec assuming a single-temperature thermal mekal model. We use optical and infrared (IR) observations from Subaru-Suprime (BVRiz), Moircs (JKs), and Spitzer-IRAC (3.6 μm) to confirm the presence of an overdensity of red galaxies matching the X-ray extended emission. We use optical and IR data to investigate the color-magnitude relation of the candidate member galaxies. Results: From a preliminary X-ray spectral analysis, we detect at a 99.5% confidence level the rest frame 6.7-6.9 keV Iron Kα line complex, from which we obtain zX = 1.46 ± 0.025. Our X-ray redshift measurement is supported by the optical and IR data. The analysis of the z - 3.6 μm color-magnitude diagram shows a well-defined sequence of red galaxies within 1' from the cluster X-ray emission peak with a color range [5 < z - 3.6 μm < 6]. The photometric redshift obtained by spectral energy distribution fitting is zphot = 1.52 ± 0.06. After fixing the redshift to z = 1.46, we perform the final spectral analysis and measure the average gas temperature with a 20% error, kT = 5.8-1.0+1.2 keV, and the Fe abundance ZFe = 1.3-0.5+0.8 Z⊙. We fit the background-subtracted surface brightness with a single beta-model out to 35 arcsec (the maximum radius where the X-ray emission is detected), and derive the deprojected electron density profile. The ICM mass is 1.09-0.2+0.3 × 1013 M⊙ within 300 kpc. Under the assumption of hydrostatic equilibrium, the total mass is M2500 = 8.6-1.7+2.1 × 1013 M⊙ for R2500 = (220 ± 55) kpc. Extrapolating the profile at larger radii, we find M500 = 2.1-0.5+0.7 × 1014 M⊙ for R500 = 510-50+55 kpc. This analysis establishes CXOJ1415.2+3610 as one of the best characterized distant galaxy clusters based on X-ray data alone.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2691173.1
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