OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate whether thalidomide is able to produce tumor vascular changes in patients with untreatable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) that can be detected using microbubble contrast agents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven consecutive patients with untreatable HCC underwent contrast-enhanced ultrasound before and during thalidomide administration. Real-time destruction reperfusion kinetics was obtained from a representative HCC nodule and from the surrounding liver parenchyma during SonoVue infusion (Bracco, Milan, Italy) at a constant rate of 0.10 mL/s by using a syringe pump and modelized according to the mathematical function SI = A(1 - exp(-betat)) where the plateau signal intensity A reflects the percent blood volume, the time constant beta reflects the average speed of blood, and their product A*beta reflects the nutrient blood flow. RESULTS: Size of the representative nodule reduced significantly 3 to 6 months after the start of thalidomide treatment. Before thalidomide administration A, beta, and A*beta of the index lesion were 44 +/- 60 LIU, 0.31 +/- 0.40 seconds and 8.1 +/- 11.8 LIU/s, respectively). A and A*beta reduced significantly after 15 days (26 +/- 50 LIU and 2.9 +/- 4.8 LIU/s, P < 0.01), 3 months (12 +/- 18 LIU, and 4.3 +/- 7.7 LIU/s, P < 0.01), and 6 months (13 +/- 23 LIU and 2.4 +/- 3.7 LIU/s, P < 0.05) of treatment. No statistically significant changes of the exponential time constant beta were observed, nor changes of A, beta and A*beta in the liver parenchyma. CONCLUSIONS: Contrast-enhanced ultrasound can be used effectively to evaluate changes in perfusion parameters of HCC nodules during thalidomide administration.

Blood flow changes in hepatocellular carcinomas after the administration of Thaliodomide by reperfusion kinetics during microbubble infusion: Preliminary results.

BERTOLOTTO, MICHELE;POZZATO, GABRIELE;CROCE', Saveria
Writing – Review & Editing
;
GASPARINI, CHIARA;COVA, MARIA ASSUNTA;TIRIBELLI, CLAUDIO
2006

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate whether thalidomide is able to produce tumor vascular changes in patients with untreatable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) that can be detected using microbubble contrast agents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven consecutive patients with untreatable HCC underwent contrast-enhanced ultrasound before and during thalidomide administration. Real-time destruction reperfusion kinetics was obtained from a representative HCC nodule and from the surrounding liver parenchyma during SonoVue infusion (Bracco, Milan, Italy) at a constant rate of 0.10 mL/s by using a syringe pump and modelized according to the mathematical function SI = A(1 - exp(-betat)) where the plateau signal intensity A reflects the percent blood volume, the time constant beta reflects the average speed of blood, and their product A*beta reflects the nutrient blood flow. RESULTS: Size of the representative nodule reduced significantly 3 to 6 months after the start of thalidomide treatment. Before thalidomide administration A, beta, and A*beta of the index lesion were 44 +/- 60 LIU, 0.31 +/- 0.40 seconds and 8.1 +/- 11.8 LIU/s, respectively). A and A*beta reduced significantly after 15 days (26 +/- 50 LIU and 2.9 +/- 4.8 LIU/s, P < 0.01), 3 months (12 +/- 18 LIU, and 4.3 +/- 7.7 LIU/s, P < 0.01), and 6 months (13 +/- 23 LIU and 2.4 +/- 3.7 LIU/s, P < 0.05) of treatment. No statistically significant changes of the exponential time constant beta were observed, nor changes of A, beta and A*beta in the liver parenchyma. CONCLUSIONS: Contrast-enhanced ultrasound can be used effectively to evaluate changes in perfusion parameters of HCC nodules during thalidomide administration.
Pubblicato
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16355035
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2853130
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