Self-assembling short peptides have attracted great interest as enzyme mimics, especially if the catalytic activity resides solely in the supramolecular structure so that it can be switched on/off as needed by controlling assembly/disassembly. Among the various enzyme classes, hydrolases find wide application in biomaterials, and their mimetics often contain His residues, in addition to either divalent cations or other amino acids to mimic the catalytic site. This work reports two self-assembling tetrapeptides based on the Ser-His motif for catalysis and the Phe-Phe motif to drive amyloid structure formation. Both peptides form thermoreversible hydrogels in phosphate buffer at neutral pH that display a mild esterase-like activity, as demonstrated on the hydrolysis of 4-nitrophenyl acetate as a model substrate, although presence of Ser did not enhance catalytic activity. The systems are characterised by circular dichroism, transmission electron microscopy, oscillatory rheology and Thioflavin T fluorescence as an amyloid stain, to provide further insights that may assist the future design of improved supramolecular catalysts.

Heterochiral tetrapeptide self-assembly into hydrogel biomaterials for hydrolase mimicry

Kurbasic M.;Marchesan S.
2021

Abstract

Self-assembling short peptides have attracted great interest as enzyme mimics, especially if the catalytic activity resides solely in the supramolecular structure so that it can be switched on/off as needed by controlling assembly/disassembly. Among the various enzyme classes, hydrolases find wide application in biomaterials, and their mimetics often contain His residues, in addition to either divalent cations or other amino acids to mimic the catalytic site. This work reports two self-assembling tetrapeptides based on the Ser-His motif for catalysis and the Phe-Phe motif to drive amyloid structure formation. Both peptides form thermoreversible hydrogels in phosphate buffer at neutral pH that display a mild esterase-like activity, as demonstrated on the hydrolysis of 4-nitrophenyl acetate as a model substrate, although presence of Ser did not enhance catalytic activity. The systems are characterised by circular dichroism, transmission electron microscopy, oscillatory rheology and Thioflavin T fluorescence as an amyloid stain, to provide further insights that may assist the future design of improved supramolecular catalysts.
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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/psc.3304
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2980267
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