In ultrasonic phacoemulsification during cataract surgery the lens material fragmentation has been described as being caused by a combination of several mechanisms. The different theories involve tip vibration, acoustic waves produced by the tip, particles and liquids impact on the surface of the lens and cavitation. However the mechanisms are still not clear. To better understand phaco-related phenomena we have tried to produce a description in term of images of the cataract phacoemulsification procedure. An expanded and collimated laser diode beam transilluminates a transparent tube containing a liquid medium. The machine is activated separating the different phases of irrigation, aspiration and phacosonication. Fluid turbulences and phenomena related to the tip vibration constitute the phase images, visualized using Schlieren or similar techniques. The optical Fourier transform is filtered by a blade or by a black dot. The filtered transform is reconstructed into the visualized phase image and this is acquired by a digital image processing system. The presence of acoustic cavitation and possibly of ultrasonic radiation has been revealed. The technique promises to be a possible means for evaluation of single phaco apparatus power setting and comparison between different machines in terms of power modulation and cavitation production.

Schlieren visualization of fluid dynamics phenomena during phacosonication in cataract surgery26th International Congress on High-Speed Photography and Photonics

PIUZZI, BARBARA;SIROTTI, PAOLO;
2005

Abstract

In ultrasonic phacoemulsification during cataract surgery the lens material fragmentation has been described as being caused by a combination of several mechanisms. The different theories involve tip vibration, acoustic waves produced by the tip, particles and liquids impact on the surface of the lens and cavitation. However the mechanisms are still not clear. To better understand phaco-related phenomena we have tried to produce a description in term of images of the cataract phacoemulsification procedure. An expanded and collimated laser diode beam transilluminates a transparent tube containing a liquid medium. The machine is activated separating the different phases of irrigation, aspiration and phacosonication. Fluid turbulences and phenomena related to the tip vibration constitute the phase images, visualized using Schlieren or similar techniques. The optical Fourier transform is filtered by a blade or by a black dot. The filtered transform is reconstructed into the visualized phase image and this is acquired by a digital image processing system. The presence of acoustic cavitation and possibly of ultrasonic radiation has been revealed. The technique promises to be a possible means for evaluation of single phaco apparatus power setting and comparison between different machines in terms of power modulation and cavitation production.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.579670
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2768335
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