Blockhaus systems represent a traditional construction technology where structural resistance is attained by direct contact between multiple timber surfaces obtained via carvings, notches, and ancient carpentry joints. Although this technology is frequently used in practice for the construction of buildings (Fig.1), due to the complexity of various phenomena (loading perpendicular to the grain, effect of friction, influence of gaps in the joints, creep, etc.), their structural behavior under specific loading/boundary conditions is not completely known. The interaction between multiple logs, as well as the restraint effectiveness of carpentry timber joints and the anisotropy of timber, can strongly affect the load-carrying capacity of these structural systems [1][2][3][4]. The paper focuses on the assessment of the typical buckling behavior and resistance of vertically compressed timber-log walls. The effects of various mechanical and geometrical variables such as possible geometrical imperfections, openings (e.g. doors or windows), fully flexible or in-plane rigid inter-storey floors are investigated by means of advanced finite-element (FE) numerical models [5] validated on experimental results. Comparisons with analytical solutions are presented and critically discussed, in order to assess the applicability of existing formulations to Blockhaus structural systems. Finally, a simplified design approach suitable for implementation in the new Eurocode 5 is proposed for the stability check of timber log-walls under in-plane compressive loads.

A buckling design approach for ‘Blockhaus’ timber walls under in-plane vertical loads

BEDON, CHIARA;AMADIO, CLAUDIO;
2014

Abstract

Blockhaus systems represent a traditional construction technology where structural resistance is attained by direct contact between multiple timber surfaces obtained via carvings, notches, and ancient carpentry joints. Although this technology is frequently used in practice for the construction of buildings (Fig.1), due to the complexity of various phenomena (loading perpendicular to the grain, effect of friction, influence of gaps in the joints, creep, etc.), their structural behavior under specific loading/boundary conditions is not completely known. The interaction between multiple logs, as well as the restraint effectiveness of carpentry timber joints and the anisotropy of timber, can strongly affect the load-carrying capacity of these structural systems [1][2][3][4]. The paper focuses on the assessment of the typical buckling behavior and resistance of vertically compressed timber-log walls. The effects of various mechanical and geometrical variables such as possible geometrical imperfections, openings (e.g. doors or windows), fully flexible or in-plane rigid inter-storey floors are investigated by means of advanced finite-element (FE) numerical models [5] validated on experimental results. Comparisons with analytical solutions are presented and critically discussed, in order to assess the applicability of existing formulations to Blockhaus structural systems. Finally, a simplified design approach suitable for implementation in the new Eurocode 5 is proposed for the stability check of timber log-walls under in-plane compressive loads.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2831635
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact