Evaporite sinkholes represent a severe threat to many European countries, including Italy. Among the Italian regions, of the area most affected is the northern sector of Friuli Venezia Giulia Region (NE Italy). Here chalks had two main depositional periods first in the Late Permian and then during the Late Carnian (Late Triassic). Evaporites outcrop mainly in the Alpine valleys or are partially mantled by Quaternary deposits, as occur along the Tagliamento River Valley. Furthermore, evaporites make up some portions of mountains and Alpine slopes, generating hundreds of karst depressions. This paper presents the preliminary results of the research activities carried out in Sauris Municipality where sinkhole phenomena related to the presence of gypsum are very common. Field investigations were devoted to recognition, mapping and classification of evaporite sinkholes. To recognize sinkhole phenomena, the preliminary steps included the analysis of historical documents collected in archives, the analysis of aerial photos and Airborne Laser Scanning (ALS) surveys. The integration of the abovecited activities allowed a preliminary identification of the phenomena, which were later validated by detailed field surveys. All the collected data populate a geo-database implemented for a project funded by the Geological Survey of Friuli Venezia Giulia Region. The objective of this project is to inventory and classify the sinkholes associated to evaporite rocks.

Evaporite Geo-Hazard in the Sauris Area (Friuli Venezia Giulia Region – NE Italy).

CALLIGARIS, CHIARA;DEVOTO, STEFANO;ZINI, Luca;CUCCHI, FRANCO
2015

Abstract

Evaporite sinkholes represent a severe threat to many European countries, including Italy. Among the Italian regions, of the area most affected is the northern sector of Friuli Venezia Giulia Region (NE Italy). Here chalks had two main depositional periods first in the Late Permian and then during the Late Carnian (Late Triassic). Evaporites outcrop mainly in the Alpine valleys or are partially mantled by Quaternary deposits, as occur along the Tagliamento River Valley. Furthermore, evaporites make up some portions of mountains and Alpine slopes, generating hundreds of karst depressions. This paper presents the preliminary results of the research activities carried out in Sauris Municipality where sinkhole phenomena related to the presence of gypsum are very common. Field investigations were devoted to recognition, mapping and classification of evaporite sinkholes. To recognize sinkhole phenomena, the preliminary steps included the analysis of historical documents collected in archives, the analysis of aerial photos and Airborne Laser Scanning (ALS) surveys. The integration of the abovecited activities allowed a preliminary identification of the phenomena, which were later validated by detailed field surveys. All the collected data populate a geo-database implemented for a project funded by the Geological Survey of Friuli Venezia Giulia Region. The objective of this project is to inventory and classify the sinkholes associated to evaporite rocks.
9780991000951
http://www.karstportal.org/node/21858
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2871134
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