Poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) nanofibers fabricated by self-assemby have been used as active sensing layers in chemiresistive gas sensors for acetone, ammonia and water. Their response has been compared to that of analogous devices in which P3HT was present as a plain, nonnanostructured layer. The results of this comparison show that nanofiber-based sensors have faster signal decay times and complete baseline recovery even after being exposed to saturated vapors of the analytes. Moreover, the current response of nanofiber-based devices increases by one order of magnitude or more upon exposure to the analyte, while for plain layers this increase is about 50% at maximum. Finally, on the basis of the collected data, a correlation between the analyte polarizability and the 90% baseline recovery times seems to exist, likely due to the occurrence of just physical adsorption (and not also of vapor penetration) of the analyte onto the polymer surface.

Nanostructured P3HT layers fabricated by self-assembly as promising gas sensors

VIVIANI, EMANUELE;FRALEONI MORGERA, Alessandro
2015

Abstract

Poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) nanofibers fabricated by self-assemby have been used as active sensing layers in chemiresistive gas sensors for acetone, ammonia and water. Their response has been compared to that of analogous devices in which P3HT was present as a plain, nonnanostructured layer. The results of this comparison show that nanofiber-based sensors have faster signal decay times and complete baseline recovery even after being exposed to saturated vapors of the analytes. Moreover, the current response of nanofiber-based devices increases by one order of magnitude or more upon exposure to the analyte, while for plain layers this increase is about 50% at maximum. Finally, on the basis of the collected data, a correlation between the analyte polarizability and the 90% baseline recovery times seems to exist, likely due to the occurrence of just physical adsorption (and not also of vapor penetration) of the analyte onto the polymer surface.
9781479982295
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2888216
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