Middle East conflicts have produced a large number of people who suffer from post traumatic stress disorder symptoms. Despite that, there are no short, easily administered self-report validated questionnaire to assess war exposure to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Arabic. Only recently has IES-R been translated into “Classical Arabic”, the language used by highly educated populations, which is too difficult for participants grounded in their particular “dialect”. The aim of this work was to validate the Arabic version of IESR, developed specifically for use in a refugee camp during the Syrian conflict. IES-R is a self-report questionnaire for adults measuring the subjective response to a specific traumatic event. It has 22 items; 7 were added to the original Horowitz IES to better assess the DSM criteria for PTSD: intrusion, avoidance, hyperarousal. The original English version has been translated in Arabic and then back-translated to English. Two hundred eighty-eight Syrian refugees were tested. The results of the confirmatory factor analysis supported a four-factor solution (intrusion, avoidance-numbing, hyperarousal, and sleep disturbance). Bootstrap resampling were applied to assess the overall fit of the competing models. Total IES-R scores of our war-exposed civilians was reliable and symmetrically distributed around the average score of 44.72 (± 11.87) largely above the best cut-off for a probable diagnosis of PTSD. The average items score of 2.06 (± 0.54) was similar to values observed in other seriously traumatized groups. In conclusion, the Arabic version of IES-R seems to be a good measure of post-trauma for both research and intervention studies.

The Arabic Impact of Event Scale-Revised: Psychometric properties in a sample of Syrian refugees

Tiziano Agostini;Michele Grassi;Sandra Pellizzoni;Mauro Murgia
2018

Abstract

Middle East conflicts have produced a large number of people who suffer from post traumatic stress disorder symptoms. Despite that, there are no short, easily administered self-report validated questionnaire to assess war exposure to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Arabic. Only recently has IES-R been translated into “Classical Arabic”, the language used by highly educated populations, which is too difficult for participants grounded in their particular “dialect”. The aim of this work was to validate the Arabic version of IESR, developed specifically for use in a refugee camp during the Syrian conflict. IES-R is a self-report questionnaire for adults measuring the subjective response to a specific traumatic event. It has 22 items; 7 were added to the original Horowitz IES to better assess the DSM criteria for PTSD: intrusion, avoidance, hyperarousal. The original English version has been translated in Arabic and then back-translated to English. Two hundred eighty-eight Syrian refugees were tested. The results of the confirmatory factor analysis supported a four-factor solution (intrusion, avoidance-numbing, hyperarousal, and sleep disturbance). Bootstrap resampling were applied to assess the overall fit of the competing models. Total IES-R scores of our war-exposed civilians was reliable and symmetrically distributed around the average score of 44.72 (± 11.87) largely above the best cut-off for a probable diagnosis of PTSD. The average items score of 2.06 (± 0.54) was similar to values observed in other seriously traumatized groups. In conclusion, the Arabic version of IES-R seems to be a good measure of post-trauma for both research and intervention studies.
http://psiholoska-obzorja.si/en/article?id=487
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
AA_2018_abstracts.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Book of abstracts
Tipologia: Documento in Versione Editoriale
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 1.08 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.08 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2944232
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact