2,1,3-benzothiadiazole (BTD) derivatives were widely applied as herbicides, fungicides and antibacterial agents. The strong withdrawing ability of BTD and its fluorescent properties make it appealing also for the preparation of luminescent materials. Polymers containing the BTD fragment were successfully exploited for advances applications such as organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), dyes, solar and photovoltaic cells, as recently reported by B.A.D. Neto et al. [Eur. J. Org. Chem. (2013) 228]. To the best of our knowledge, a complete synthetic procedure for N,N-dimethyl-4-amino-2,1,3-benzothiadiazole (BTDNMe2) from the commercially available 2,1,3-benzothiadiazole was never reported. The only reference available dates back to 1976 and describes the thermal decomposition of the corresponding ammonium salt [N.M. Slavachevskaja et al., Pharm. Chem. J. 10 (1976) 327]. The synthetic route here proposed involves nitration of BTD in sulfonitric mixture, followed by reduction of the nitro-group and subsequent methylation with iodomethane. BTDNMe2 was isolated as dark red oil and it was fully characterized by means of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and infrared spectroscopy. Solutions of BTDNMe2 in common organic solvents revealed to be appreciably luminescent in the visible range. The increase of dielectric constant caused a non-linear red shift of the absorption and emission maxima, an increase of the Stokes shift and a reduction of the photoluminescence quantum yield. The electronic transitions related to the absorption and emission properties were associated to the HOMO-LUMO energy gap by means of electrochemical measurements and DFT calculations. Finally, BTDNMe2 was successfully used for the preparation of luminescent doped polymethylmethacrylate samples with intense orange emission.

N,N-dimethyl-4-amino-2,1,3-benzothiadiazole: synthesis and luminescent solvatochromism

Valentina Ferraro
;
2021-01-01

Abstract

2,1,3-benzothiadiazole (BTD) derivatives were widely applied as herbicides, fungicides and antibacterial agents. The strong withdrawing ability of BTD and its fluorescent properties make it appealing also for the preparation of luminescent materials. Polymers containing the BTD fragment were successfully exploited for advances applications such as organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), dyes, solar and photovoltaic cells, as recently reported by B.A.D. Neto et al. [Eur. J. Org. Chem. (2013) 228]. To the best of our knowledge, a complete synthetic procedure for N,N-dimethyl-4-amino-2,1,3-benzothiadiazole (BTDNMe2) from the commercially available 2,1,3-benzothiadiazole was never reported. The only reference available dates back to 1976 and describes the thermal decomposition of the corresponding ammonium salt [N.M. Slavachevskaja et al., Pharm. Chem. J. 10 (1976) 327]. The synthetic route here proposed involves nitration of BTD in sulfonitric mixture, followed by reduction of the nitro-group and subsequent methylation with iodomethane. BTDNMe2 was isolated as dark red oil and it was fully characterized by means of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and infrared spectroscopy. Solutions of BTDNMe2 in common organic solvents revealed to be appreciably luminescent in the visible range. The increase of dielectric constant caused a non-linear red shift of the absorption and emission maxima, an increase of the Stokes shift and a reduction of the photoluminescence quantum yield. The electronic transitions related to the absorption and emission properties were associated to the HOMO-LUMO energy gap by means of electrochemical measurements and DFT calculations. Finally, BTDNMe2 was successfully used for the preparation of luminescent doped polymethylmethacrylate samples with intense orange emission.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2998711
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