The Ionian margins of Calabria and Apulia (IMCA) have been affected by mass movements of varying style, scale and age. Here we present examples of seabed and subsurface features identified along more than 400 km of the IMCA from multibeam seabed imagery and subbottom profiles acquired by OGS since 2005. Four different types of mass movement phenomena are recognized with expression at seabed and in the shallow subsurface: (1) mass transport complexes (MTCs) within intra-slope basins, (2) isolated slide scars (ISS) along open slopes, (3) slope-parallel sediment undulations (SPSU) recording block-rotations linked to fluid migration, and (4) headwall and sidewall scarps (HSC) in submarine canyons. Preliminary analyses of sedimentary processes suggest that both open-slope failures capable of triggering tsunamis and retrogression of canyon headwallswithin 1–3 km of the Calabrian coast represent potential geohazards for coastal populations and offshore infrastructures.

Submarine Mass-Movements Along the Slopes of the Active Ionian Continental Margins and Their Consequences for Marine Geohazards (Mediterranean Sea)

COLIZZA, ESTER;
2014-01-01

Abstract

The Ionian margins of Calabria and Apulia (IMCA) have been affected by mass movements of varying style, scale and age. Here we present examples of seabed and subsurface features identified along more than 400 km of the IMCA from multibeam seabed imagery and subbottom profiles acquired by OGS since 2005. Four different types of mass movement phenomena are recognized with expression at seabed and in the shallow subsurface: (1) mass transport complexes (MTCs) within intra-slope basins, (2) isolated slide scars (ISS) along open slopes, (3) slope-parallel sediment undulations (SPSU) recording block-rotations linked to fluid migration, and (4) headwall and sidewall scarps (HSC) in submarine canyons. Preliminary analyses of sedimentary processes suggest that both open-slope failures capable of triggering tsunamis and retrogression of canyon headwallswithin 1–3 km of the Calabrian coast represent potential geohazards for coastal populations and offshore infrastructures.
2014
9783319009728
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2767525
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