The growing constraints on public expenditure imposed by the process of European Monetary Union are increasingly shifting the attention of policymakers to the quality of industrial policy. A recent address of Italian political economy emphasises the role of the so ca/led "patto d'area" (a package of fax allowances, soft loans and services provided only to firms located in Marshallian Industrial Districts or aimed at "reproducing" them in new underdeveloped areas). The implicit assumption is that industrial policy is more effective on "fertile grounds" in which infrastructures and cooperation among firms are of good quality. Does past experience support this assumption and tell us that subsidies are more effective when provided in district than in non district areas? The present paper explores this hypothesis on a dataset of around 2000 firms showing that district subsidised firms seem to obtain better borrowing terms and, in the medium run, a relative improvement of their return on investment with respect to the control sample.

Do state subsidies have a stronger impact when provided to industrial district firms? An empirical analysis on the Italian data

ROSSI, STEFANIA PATRIZIA SONIA
2000

Abstract

The growing constraints on public expenditure imposed by the process of European Monetary Union are increasingly shifting the attention of policymakers to the quality of industrial policy. A recent address of Italian political economy emphasises the role of the so ca/led "patto d'area" (a package of fax allowances, soft loans and services provided only to firms located in Marshallian Industrial Districts or aimed at "reproducing" them in new underdeveloped areas). The implicit assumption is that industrial policy is more effective on "fertile grounds" in which infrastructures and cooperation among firms are of good quality. Does past experience support this assumption and tell us that subsidies are more effective when provided in district than in non district areas? The present paper explores this hypothesis on a dataset of around 2000 firms showing that district subsidised firms seem to obtain better borrowing terms and, in the medium run, a relative improvement of their return on investment with respect to the control sample.
3-7908-1254-4
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2900433
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