Levels of four (Hg, Cd, Pb, As) potential harmful elements (PHE) were measured in three different environmental matrices (sediments, macroalgae, and fishes) from the Aeolian Archipelago and control areas both after one and ten months form a volcanic activity of particular relevance occurred at the end of October 2002. Results were analysed on a multivariate statistical basis with the aim to evaluate: I) general levels of pollution and increase of PHE due to the event; II) differences observed among tested matrices in the time of recovery after the occurrence of the critical event; III) the biological enrichment of PHE along the trophic web produced by the geological event. Results evidenced that volcanic emissions could represent a local source of particular relevance able to determine great enrichments of considered PHE in sediments and biological species. After ten months from the event, levels in sediments and macroalgae notably decreased, whereas fish species evidenced an increase, principally related to the greater dimensions of fishes caught during the second campaign. On the basis of the BEF, major enrichments were evidenced after one month whereas after ten months were recorded values reliable to an incomplete recovery. Concerning Cd, the BEF higher levels reported for the species S. cabrilla was probably related both to the diet and to the specific detoxification rates of this species.

Trace elements levels in Aeolian Archipelago (central Mediterranean Sea) following an episode of intense volcanic activity

RENZI M;
2010-01-01

Abstract

Levels of four (Hg, Cd, Pb, As) potential harmful elements (PHE) were measured in three different environmental matrices (sediments, macroalgae, and fishes) from the Aeolian Archipelago and control areas both after one and ten months form a volcanic activity of particular relevance occurred at the end of October 2002. Results were analysed on a multivariate statistical basis with the aim to evaluate: I) general levels of pollution and increase of PHE due to the event; II) differences observed among tested matrices in the time of recovery after the occurrence of the critical event; III) the biological enrichment of PHE along the trophic web produced by the geological event. Results evidenced that volcanic emissions could represent a local source of particular relevance able to determine great enrichments of considered PHE in sediments and biological species. After ten months from the event, levels in sediments and macroalgae notably decreased, whereas fish species evidenced an increase, principally related to the greater dimensions of fishes caught during the second campaign. On the basis of the BEF, major enrichments were evidenced after one month whereas after ten months were recorded values reliable to an incomplete recovery. Concerning Cd, the BEF higher levels reported for the species S. cabrilla was probably related both to the diet and to the specific detoxification rates of this species.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2959700
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact