The Italian transmission system's voltage control is based on its subdivision into decoupled control areas, where a hierarchical regulation architecture is applied. However, the structure and the voltage regulation of the electrical power system are being significantly impacted by the actions being taken to limit climate change. The increase in renewable energy sources exploitation is leading to a more-distributed and converter-based energy production. In addition, the forthcoming coal-fired plants shut-off will force the shift from providing regulation capability with a small number of big power plants, towards using a big number of smaller resources. Thus, in the near future a decrease in the effectiveness of the present voltage control architecture is expected. To solve such issue, a new voltage control architecture is needed, involving the more-distributed and converter-based energy production systems, as well as no longer relying on physically decoupled control areas. Therefore, in this paper a coordinated LQRI secondary voltage control is presented, able to use each grid-available reactive power source as an actuator. Furthermore, a bumpless transfer technique is proposed to solve the problem of managing a varying number of actuators (due to the reactive power resources' connection and disconnection).

Reactive Power Resources Management in a Voltage Regulation Architecture Based on LQRI Control

Vicenzutti A.;Marzolla F.;Sulligoi G.;
2022

Abstract

The Italian transmission system's voltage control is based on its subdivision into decoupled control areas, where a hierarchical regulation architecture is applied. However, the structure and the voltage regulation of the electrical power system are being significantly impacted by the actions being taken to limit climate change. The increase in renewable energy sources exploitation is leading to a more-distributed and converter-based energy production. In addition, the forthcoming coal-fired plants shut-off will force the shift from providing regulation capability with a small number of big power plants, towards using a big number of smaller resources. Thus, in the near future a decrease in the effectiveness of the present voltage control architecture is expected. To solve such issue, a new voltage control architecture is needed, involving the more-distributed and converter-based energy production systems, as well as no longer relying on physically decoupled control areas. Therefore, in this paper a coordinated LQRI secondary voltage control is presented, able to use each grid-available reactive power source as an actuator. Furthermore, a bumpless transfer technique is proposed to solve the problem of managing a varying number of actuators (due to the reactive power resources' connection and disconnection).
978-1-6654-8537-1
https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9854638
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3030619
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