The Falkland Plateau (FP) is a submarine high representing the eastern prolongation of the South America continent. Itseparates the Argentine Basin of the South Atlantic Ocean from the Scotia Sea of the Antarctic region. A south–north seismicsection across the Falkland Plateau has been interpreted using information from two wells sited on the margin of the MauriceEwing Bank (MEB). On the Plateau, the sedimentary cover has a regionally horizontal configuration with high lateral continuityof the reflecting horizons. The older sequence is dominated by a normal fault system of the Mesozoic Gondwana break-uptectonics, partially reactivated by the following tectonic events. Between them, the one mainly affecting the studied area is thetranspression of the North Scotia Ridge (NSR), producing some thrusting in the sedimentary cover of the Falkland Trough (FT,visible only on the south-extremity of the interpreted section) and a prominent tilting of its whole crust. The interpreted seismicsection outlines a gradually thinner crust from the Maurice Ewing Bank Margin to the Falkland Plateau and to the FalklandTrough. During the interpretation, particular attention was given to picking the main unconformities, to analysing therelationships of reflections within the sequences to the unit boundaries, and to identifying, by the seismic facies analysis, thedifferent depositional units. These last, labelled with symbols AH G, from Mesozoic to Present age, represent the wholesedimentary cover lying on the pre-Cambrian basement of the Falkland Plateau. In the reconstructed chronostratigraphic section,the whole data set has been displayed as a diagram wherein age decreases upward and the lateral extent of units is on thehorizontal scale, illustrating the main sedimentary and erosional events in the area. Erosion, nondeposition and deposition ofsediment drifts by the sea bottom currents, particularly active from the Cainozoic to the Present, are mostly linked to theGondwana breakup, with the Mesozoic opening of the South Atlantic Ocean and the Cainozoic opening of the Drake Passage.During the Mesozoic time, the Proto-South Atlantic and Indian Oceans connection caused extensive erosion and nondeposition,resulting in absence of important portions of the sedimentary cover.

Interpretation and chronostratigraphic mapping of multichannelseismic reflection profile I95167,Eastern Falkland Plateau (South Atlantic)

DEL BEN, Anna;
2004

Abstract

The Falkland Plateau (FP) is a submarine high representing the eastern prolongation of the South America continent. Itseparates the Argentine Basin of the South Atlantic Ocean from the Scotia Sea of the Antarctic region. A south–north seismicsection across the Falkland Plateau has been interpreted using information from two wells sited on the margin of the MauriceEwing Bank (MEB). On the Plateau, the sedimentary cover has a regionally horizontal configuration with high lateral continuityof the reflecting horizons. The older sequence is dominated by a normal fault system of the Mesozoic Gondwana break-uptectonics, partially reactivated by the following tectonic events. Between them, the one mainly affecting the studied area is thetranspression of the North Scotia Ridge (NSR), producing some thrusting in the sedimentary cover of the Falkland Trough (FT,visible only on the south-extremity of the interpreted section) and a prominent tilting of its whole crust. The interpreted seismicsection outlines a gradually thinner crust from the Maurice Ewing Bank Margin to the Falkland Plateau and to the FalklandTrough. During the interpretation, particular attention was given to picking the main unconformities, to analysing therelationships of reflections within the sequences to the unit boundaries, and to identifying, by the seismic facies analysis, thedifferent depositional units. These last, labelled with symbols AH G, from Mesozoic to Present age, represent the wholesedimentary cover lying on the pre-Cambrian basement of the Falkland Plateau. In the reconstructed chronostratigraphic section,the whole data set has been displayed as a diagram wherein age decreases upward and the lateral extent of units is on thehorizontal scale, illustrating the main sedimentary and erosional events in the area. Erosion, nondeposition and deposition ofsediment drifts by the sea bottom currents, particularly active from the Cainozoic to the Present, are mostly linked to theGondwana breakup, with the Mesozoic opening of the South Atlantic Ocean and the Cainozoic opening of the Drake Passage.During the Mesozoic time, the Proto-South Atlantic and Indian Oceans connection caused extensive erosion and nondeposition,resulting in absence of important portions of the sedimentary cover.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/1692933
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