A short-term toxicity study after 7 days oral daily administration of yessotoxin (YTX; 2 mg/kg/day), homoYTX (1 mg/kg/day), 45-hydroxy-homoYTX (1 mg/kg/day) and of the main diarrhoetic shellfish toxin okadaic acid (OA; 1 mg/kg/day) was carried out in mice. Symptoms, lethality, food consumption, body and organ weights, gross pathology and histopathology of the main organs and tissues, leukocytes formula as well as plasmatic levels of transaminases, lactate dehydrogenase and creatinine phosphokinase were evaluated. Heart tissue was studied also hystochemically for the presence of apoptotic nuclei and by transmission electron microscopy. No mortality, signs of toxicity or cumulative effects were induced by the repeated oral exposure to YTXs. Only ultrastructural changes in the cardiac muscle cells near the capillaries, such as package of rounded mitochondria and alteration of the cells boundary were observed, without any increase of lactate dehydrogenase, an index of cardiac damage.

Short-term oral toxicity of homoyessotoxins, yessotoxin and okadaic acid in mice

TUBARO, AURELIA;SOSA, SILVIO;SORANZO, MARIA ROSA;DELLA LOGGIA, ROBERTO;
2004-01-01

Abstract

A short-term toxicity study after 7 days oral daily administration of yessotoxin (YTX; 2 mg/kg/day), homoYTX (1 mg/kg/day), 45-hydroxy-homoYTX (1 mg/kg/day) and of the main diarrhoetic shellfish toxin okadaic acid (OA; 1 mg/kg/day) was carried out in mice. Symptoms, lethality, food consumption, body and organ weights, gross pathology and histopathology of the main organs and tissues, leukocytes formula as well as plasmatic levels of transaminases, lactate dehydrogenase and creatinine phosphokinase were evaluated. Heart tissue was studied also hystochemically for the presence of apoptotic nuclei and by transmission electron microscopy. No mortality, signs of toxicity or cumulative effects were induced by the repeated oral exposure to YTXs. Only ultrastructural changes in the cardiac muscle cells near the capillaries, such as package of rounded mitochondria and alteration of the cells boundary were observed, without any increase of lactate dehydrogenase, an index of cardiac damage.
2004
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/1693101
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