Five polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products which could not be reliably typed by allele-specific oligonucleotide (ASO) probing at the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) DQA1 locus were analyzed by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and direct sequencing. The first method revealed the preferential amplification of only one of the two alleles in two cases. Direct sequencing of PCR products allowed unambiguous genetic typing but a high number of artifacts was observed. Several of these artifacts occurred in the sequences recognized by the ASOs. This finding provides an explanation for the mistyping in the ASO probing procedure because Taq polymerase errors both created new genetic specificities and eliminated site-specific polymorphisms. Reversed-phase HPLC-MS of the five forensic templates showed a high degree of DNA damage. These data together indicate that the risk of mistyping when using the ASO probing procedure cannot be neglected in the forensic analysis of damaged DNA samples.

DNA damage promotes mistyping in the allele specific oligonucleotide probing analysis of forensic samples

FATTORINI, PAOLO;GIULIANINI, PIERO GIULIO;EDOMI, PAOLO;
2000-01-01

Abstract

Five polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products which could not be reliably typed by allele-specific oligonucleotide (ASO) probing at the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) DQA1 locus were analyzed by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and direct sequencing. The first method revealed the preferential amplification of only one of the two alleles in two cases. Direct sequencing of PCR products allowed unambiguous genetic typing but a high number of artifacts was observed. Several of these artifacts occurred in the sequences recognized by the ASOs. This finding provides an explanation for the mistyping in the ASO probing procedure because Taq polymerase errors both created new genetic specificities and eliminated site-specific polymorphisms. Reversed-phase HPLC-MS of the five forensic templates showed a high degree of DNA damage. These data together indicate that the risk of mistyping when using the ASO probing procedure cannot be neglected in the forensic analysis of damaged DNA samples.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/1693357
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 5
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 6
social impact