Cubic solid solutions of general formula Ce(1-x)M(x)O2 (M = Zr, Th, Hf) have been modeled in the range (0 < χ < 1) using atomistic simulation methods. The Ce4+/Ce3+ reduction energy in the bulk materials and the activation energy for oxygen migration have been calculated. The Ce4+/Ce3+ reduction energy decreases with increasing M content for M = Zr, Th, the most remarkable effect being displayed for M = Th. An opposite trend is obtained when M = Hf. The activation energy for oxygen migration decreases with increasing M content. The effect of Th is similar to that of Zr and consists of a substantial decrease of the activation energy at high concentrations. On the other hand, the activation energy decreases only slightly when M = Hf.

Bulk reduction and oxygen migration in the ceria-based oxides

BALDUCCI, GABRIELE;KASPAR, JAN;FORNASIERO, Paolo;GRAZIANI, MAURO
2000

Abstract

Cubic solid solutions of general formula Ce(1-x)M(x)O2 (M = Zr, Th, Hf) have been modeled in the range (0 < χ < 1) using atomistic simulation methods. The Ce4+/Ce3+ reduction energy in the bulk materials and the activation energy for oxygen migration have been calculated. The Ce4+/Ce3+ reduction energy decreases with increasing M content for M = Zr, Th, the most remarkable effect being displayed for M = Th. An opposite trend is obtained when M = Hf. The activation energy for oxygen migration decreases with increasing M content. The effect of Th is similar to that of Zr and consists of a substantial decrease of the activation energy at high concentrations. On the other hand, the activation energy decreases only slightly when M = Hf.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/1694237
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