The molecular composition of the genetic substrate recovered from seven aged forensic samples has been extensively investigated. A simple enzymatic test based on DNAseI incubation of the extracts showed that the UV-fluorescent material from the forensic specimens is composed of nucleic acids, with the DNA fraction representing at least 90% of the total amount. Since spectrophotometric determinations of the extracts showed unreliable results due to anomalous OD260/OD280 ratios, quantification of the nuclease-sensitive genetic material was performed by a slightly modified agarose plate method. The first quantitative data on exogenous contamination in aged forensic samples are provided by slot-blot hybridisation of the extracts to human, bacterial and fungal probes. Only limited amounts of human and contaminant DNA were detected in the samples. The molecular integrity of the primary structure of these aged DNA samples was analysed by reversed-phase HPLC/MS. The data show a good correlation between the degree of chemical damage and the ability to hybridise to molecular probes. The ability to achieve specific genetic profiles was assessed by multiplex PCR amplification of STR loci. Our data show that accurate determination of the molecular composition of the DNA recovered from forensic samples can be extremely useful for a reliable evaluation of the PCR typing results.

MOCELULAR CHARACTERISATION OF THE NUCLEIC ACIDS RECOVERED FROM AGED FORENSIC SAMPLES

FATTORINI, PAOLO
2002

Abstract

The molecular composition of the genetic substrate recovered from seven aged forensic samples has been extensively investigated. A simple enzymatic test based on DNAseI incubation of the extracts showed that the UV-fluorescent material from the forensic specimens is composed of nucleic acids, with the DNA fraction representing at least 90% of the total amount. Since spectrophotometric determinations of the extracts showed unreliable results due to anomalous OD260/OD280 ratios, quantification of the nuclease-sensitive genetic material was performed by a slightly modified agarose plate method. The first quantitative data on exogenous contamination in aged forensic samples are provided by slot-blot hybridisation of the extracts to human, bacterial and fungal probes. Only limited amounts of human and contaminant DNA were detected in the samples. The molecular integrity of the primary structure of these aged DNA samples was analysed by reversed-phase HPLC/MS. The data show a good correlation between the degree of chemical damage and the ability to hybridise to molecular probes. The ability to achieve specific genetic profiles was assessed by multiplex PCR amplification of STR loci. Our data show that accurate determination of the molecular composition of the DNA recovered from forensic samples can be extremely useful for a reliable evaluation of the PCR typing results.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/1694487
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 9
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 8
social impact