A retrospective study was performed in an Italian tertiary hospital to evaluate trends in candidaemia between 1992 and 2001, and to compare the characteristics of episodes of fungaemia between 1992.1997 and 1998.2001. In total, 370 episodes of candidaemia were identified, with an average incidence of 0.99 episodes . 10 000 patient-days . year (range 0.49.1.29 episodes). On an annual trend basis, the overall incidence was essentially stable in surgical and medical wards, but decreased in intensive care units (ICUs) (p 0.0065). The average use of fluconazole was 37.9 g . 10 000 patient-days . year (range 21.4. 56.1 g), and did not change significantly during the 10-year period. Nearly two-thirds of patients were in ICUs at the onset of candidaemia, but none was neutropenic in either study period. Candida albicans remained the predominant species isolated (53.8% vs. 48.1%), followed by Candida parapsilosis, Candida glabrata and Candida tropicalis, the distribution of which did not change significantly. The 30-day crude mortality rate was essentially similar (44% vs. 35%) in both study periods. Thus the incidence of nosocomial candidaemia, although high in this institution, decreased among critically-ill patients during the 10-year period. This finding seemed to be related to an improvement in infection control practices, particularly regarding the prevention of intravascular catheter-related infections in ICUs. Although the overall use of fluconazole was considerable, no increase in azole-resistant non-albicans Candida spp. was detected.

Secular trends in nosocomial candidaemia in non-neutropenic patients in an Italian tertiary hospital.

LUZZATI, ROBERTO;
2005

Abstract

A retrospective study was performed in an Italian tertiary hospital to evaluate trends in candidaemia between 1992 and 2001, and to compare the characteristics of episodes of fungaemia between 1992.1997 and 1998.2001. In total, 370 episodes of candidaemia were identified, with an average incidence of 0.99 episodes . 10 000 patient-days . year (range 0.49.1.29 episodes). On an annual trend basis, the overall incidence was essentially stable in surgical and medical wards, but decreased in intensive care units (ICUs) (p 0.0065). The average use of fluconazole was 37.9 g . 10 000 patient-days . year (range 21.4. 56.1 g), and did not change significantly during the 10-year period. Nearly two-thirds of patients were in ICUs at the onset of candidaemia, but none was neutropenic in either study period. Candida albicans remained the predominant species isolated (53.8% vs. 48.1%), followed by Candida parapsilosis, Candida glabrata and Candida tropicalis, the distribution of which did not change significantly. The 30-day crude mortality rate was essentially similar (44% vs. 35%) in both study periods. Thus the incidence of nosocomial candidaemia, although high in this institution, decreased among critically-ill patients during the 10-year period. This finding seemed to be related to an improvement in infection control practices, particularly regarding the prevention of intravascular catheter-related infections in ICUs. Although the overall use of fluconazole was considerable, no increase in azole-resistant non-albicans Candida spp. was detected.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/1696252
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