The evolution of orthologous genes coding for -defensin 2 (BD2) in primates has been subject to positive selection during the divergence of the platyrrhines from the catarrhines and of the Cercopithecidae from the Hylobatidae, great apes, and humans. Three peptides have been selected for a functional analysis of the effects of sequence variations on the direct antimicrobial activity: human BD2 (hBD2), Macaca fascicularis BD2 (mfaBD2), and a variant of the human peptide lacking Asp4, (D)hBD2, which is characteristic only of the human/great ape peptides. hBD2 and mfaBD2 showed a significant difference in specificity, the former being more active towards Escherichia coli and the later towards Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans. Asp4 in the human peptide appears to be important, as (D)hBD2 was less structured and had a markedly lower antimicrobial activity. The evolution of -defensin 2 in primates may thus have been driven, at least in part, by different environmental pressures so as to modulate antimicrobial activity.

Effects of positively selected sequence variations in human and Macaca fascicularis beta-defensins 2 on antimicrobial activity.

ANTCHEVA, Nikolinka;ZELEZETSKY, IGOR;PACOR, SABRINA;CROVELLA, SERGIO;TOSSI, ALESSANDRO
2004

Abstract

The evolution of orthologous genes coding for -defensin 2 (BD2) in primates has been subject to positive selection during the divergence of the platyrrhines from the catarrhines and of the Cercopithecidae from the Hylobatidae, great apes, and humans. Three peptides have been selected for a functional analysis of the effects of sequence variations on the direct antimicrobial activity: human BD2 (hBD2), Macaca fascicularis BD2 (mfaBD2), and a variant of the human peptide lacking Asp4, (D)hBD2, which is characteristic only of the human/great ape peptides. hBD2 and mfaBD2 showed a significant difference in specificity, the former being more active towards Escherichia coli and the later towards Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans. Asp4 in the human peptide appears to be important, as (D)hBD2 was less structured and had a markedly lower antimicrobial activity. The evolution of -defensin 2 in primates may thus have been driven, at least in part, by different environmental pressures so as to modulate antimicrobial activity.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/1698083
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