The aim of the research was to compare gene transcription profiles of Musculus longissimus dorsi (MLD) between pigs fed diets with high (HED) or low (LED) energy contents. Two groups of 4 Casertana pigs were reared from 3 to 12 months of age in the same environmental conditions and fed HED or LED. In the HED, the ave rage daily gain and back fat thickness were significantly (P<0.05) higher than in LED pigs. Differential expression of genes in MLD of pigs fed diets with different energy density was assessed by a human high-density complementary DNA (cDNA) muscle microarray consisting of 4670 probes and further confirmed by quantitative real time RT-PCR analysis. Seven of the genes up-regulated in MLD of HED pigs were invo l ved in the glycolytic and ox i d a t i ve metabolism (phosphoglycerate mutase 2, glyc e ra l d e hyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, NADH dehydrogenase ubiquinone1 beta 9, muscle pyruvate kinase, enolase 3, muscle creatine kinase, isocitrate dehydrogenase 3 (NAD+) gamma) and four in the contractile apparatus (tropomyosin 1 alpha, troponin C2, fast, fast skeletal myosin light chain 2, troponin T3, skeletal, fast). Instead, HED diet reduced the level of expression of muscle proteins associated with slow fibre type (troponin T1, skeletal, slow, supervillin, myosin binding protein C, slow type, titin, myosin, heavy polypeptide 7, beta, calponin homology-associated smooth muscle) and signal transduction (SH3-binding domain protein 5-like, hypothetical protein FLJ21438, protein kinase cAMP-dependent, catalytic, rho guanine nucleotide exchange factor 15). The down-regulation of CTSB was also observed for HED group. From the results it can be assumed that high energy content of the diet influence physiological processes in the muscle tissue by switching slow fibres into fast reacting fibres and thus enhancing meat quality.

Evaluation of gene expression profiles of pig skeletal muscle in response to energy content of the diets using human microarrays.

PALLAVICINI, Alberto;GRAZIOSI, GIORGIO;
2007

Abstract

The aim of the research was to compare gene transcription profiles of Musculus longissimus dorsi (MLD) between pigs fed diets with high (HED) or low (LED) energy contents. Two groups of 4 Casertana pigs were reared from 3 to 12 months of age in the same environmental conditions and fed HED or LED. In the HED, the ave rage daily gain and back fat thickness were significantly (P<0.05) higher than in LED pigs. Differential expression of genes in MLD of pigs fed diets with different energy density was assessed by a human high-density complementary DNA (cDNA) muscle microarray consisting of 4670 probes and further confirmed by quantitative real time RT-PCR analysis. Seven of the genes up-regulated in MLD of HED pigs were invo l ved in the glycolytic and ox i d a t i ve metabolism (phosphoglycerate mutase 2, glyc e ra l d e hyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, NADH dehydrogenase ubiquinone1 beta 9, muscle pyruvate kinase, enolase 3, muscle creatine kinase, isocitrate dehydrogenase 3 (NAD+) gamma) and four in the contractile apparatus (tropomyosin 1 alpha, troponin C2, fast, fast skeletal myosin light chain 2, troponin T3, skeletal, fast). Instead, HED diet reduced the level of expression of muscle proteins associated with slow fibre type (troponin T1, skeletal, slow, supervillin, myosin binding protein C, slow type, titin, myosin, heavy polypeptide 7, beta, calponin homology-associated smooth muscle) and signal transduction (SH3-binding domain protein 5-like, hypothetical protein FLJ21438, protein kinase cAMP-dependent, catalytic, rho guanine nucleotide exchange factor 15). The down-regulation of CTSB was also observed for HED group. From the results it can be assumed that high energy content of the diet influence physiological processes in the muscle tissue by switching slow fibres into fast reacting fibres and thus enhancing meat quality.
http://www.aspajournal.it/index.php/ijas/article/view/ijas.2007.45
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/1698377
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 6
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 6
social impact