The eukaryotic elongation factors (eEF1A2 and eEF1A1) play a key role in translation of messenger RNA (mRNA) to protein. Inskeletal muscle of healthy humans, EEF1A2 is overexpressed and selected over EEF1A1. In cellular stress models, muscle EEF1A1expression increased and was associated with apoptosis and catabolism. We have determined mRNA levels of EEF1A1 and EEF1A2, aswell as those of other proapoptotic genes, such as p66(ShcA) and c-MYC, in skeletal muscle of severely traumatized patients and healthyvolunteers. Muscle protein kinetic was determined by stable isotopes and the arteriovenous technique. The patients were in a hypercataboliccondition because the rate of muscle proteolysis exceeded that of synthesis. Mean mRNA levels of EEF1A1 and EEF1A2 were 165- and29-fold greater (P b .01) in patients than in the control group, respectively. Mean p66(ShcA) mRNA levels were 3-fold greater (P b .05) inpatients than in the controls. In contrast, c-MYC mRNA levels were not significantly different in patients and healthy controls. In patients,muscle mRNA levels of EEF1A1 and p66(ShcA) directly correlated (P b .05) with the rate of proteolysis (R = 0.901 and R = 0.826,respectively). This is in agreement with a reduction in actin and tubulin protein content, both markers of cytoskeletal and sarcomericdisorganization, and with an increased poly(adenosine diphosphate–ribose) polymerase cleavage, a marker of apoptosis. In conclusion, inhypercatabolic traumatized patients, an up-regulation of muscle EEF1A1 and p66(ShcA) relates to proteolysis rate, suggesting aninvolvement of these genes in muscle catabolic response.

Overexpression of the elongation factor 1A1 relates to muscle proteolysis and proapoptotic p66(ShcA) gene transcription in hypercatabolic trauma patients.

BOSUTTI, ALESSANDRA;SCAGGIANTE, BRUNA;GRASSI, GABRIELE;GUARNIERI, GIANFRANCO;BIOLO, GIANNI
2007

Abstract

The eukaryotic elongation factors (eEF1A2 and eEF1A1) play a key role in translation of messenger RNA (mRNA) to protein. Inskeletal muscle of healthy humans, EEF1A2 is overexpressed and selected over EEF1A1. In cellular stress models, muscle EEF1A1expression increased and was associated with apoptosis and catabolism. We have determined mRNA levels of EEF1A1 and EEF1A2, aswell as those of other proapoptotic genes, such as p66(ShcA) and c-MYC, in skeletal muscle of severely traumatized patients and healthyvolunteers. Muscle protein kinetic was determined by stable isotopes and the arteriovenous technique. The patients were in a hypercataboliccondition because the rate of muscle proteolysis exceeded that of synthesis. Mean mRNA levels of EEF1A1 and EEF1A2 were 165- and29-fold greater (P b .01) in patients than in the control group, respectively. Mean p66(ShcA) mRNA levels were 3-fold greater (P b .05) inpatients than in the controls. In contrast, c-MYC mRNA levels were not significantly different in patients and healthy controls. In patients,muscle mRNA levels of EEF1A1 and p66(ShcA) directly correlated (P b .05) with the rate of proteolysis (R = 0.901 and R = 0.826,respectively). This is in agreement with a reduction in actin and tubulin protein content, both markers of cytoskeletal and sarcomericdisorganization, and with an increased poly(adenosine diphosphate–ribose) polymerase cleavage, a marker of apoptosis. In conclusion, inhypercatabolic traumatized patients, an up-regulation of muscle EEF1A1 and p66(ShcA) relates to proteolysis rate, suggesting aninvolvement of these genes in muscle catabolic response.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/1706796
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