CONTEXT: Energy balance and physical activity potentially influence systemic inflammation. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to test the hypothesis that moderate energy restriction may prevent activation of inactivity-induced inflammatory response. DESIGN: Participants were studied four times at the end of 14-d periods of experimental bed rest or controlled ambulation, after receiving eucaloric or hypocaloric diets. SETTING: The study was conducted at the clinical research center of the German Space Agency. SUBJECTS: Nine healthy young volunteers participated. INTERVENTIONS: Energy intake was calibrated to physical activity and decreased by about 20% in hypocaloric conditions. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Changes in body fat by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry as well as plasma inflammatory markers and cytokine mRNA levels in blood cells were measured. Results: Fat mass did not change significantly in eucaloric conditions and decreased in hypocaloric periods (-1.0 +/- 0.3 and -1.0 +/- 0.3 kg in ambulatory and bed rest, respectively). Bed rest in eucaloric conditions increased plasma C-reactive protein (CRP) (+143 +/- 53%) and both the ratios between plasma IL-6 and IL-10 (4+/-1 times) and white blood cell IL-6 and IL-10 mRNAs (5 +/- 1 times). Energy restriction prevented bed-rest-mediated increases in CRP and the IL-6 to IL-10 ratio. Bed rest increased (P = 0.03) long pentraxin-3 (PTX3) plasma concentration, without significant activity-by-diet interaction. In all conditions (n = 36), CRP and PTX3 were inversely correlated (r = -0.61; P < 0.001). Changes in fat mass, leptin, and IL-6 directly correlated with CRP and inversely correlated with PTX3. IL-10 inversely correlated with CRP and directly correlated with PTX3 (r = 0.52; P < 0.01).

Calorie restriction modulates inactivity-induced changes in the inflammatory markers C-reactive protein and pentraxin-3

BOSUTTI, ALESSANDRA;ZANETTI, MICHELA;GUARNIERI, GIANFRANCO;BIOLO, GIANNI
2008

Abstract

CONTEXT: Energy balance and physical activity potentially influence systemic inflammation. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to test the hypothesis that moderate energy restriction may prevent activation of inactivity-induced inflammatory response. DESIGN: Participants were studied four times at the end of 14-d periods of experimental bed rest or controlled ambulation, after receiving eucaloric or hypocaloric diets. SETTING: The study was conducted at the clinical research center of the German Space Agency. SUBJECTS: Nine healthy young volunteers participated. INTERVENTIONS: Energy intake was calibrated to physical activity and decreased by about 20% in hypocaloric conditions. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Changes in body fat by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry as well as plasma inflammatory markers and cytokine mRNA levels in blood cells were measured. Results: Fat mass did not change significantly in eucaloric conditions and decreased in hypocaloric periods (-1.0 +/- 0.3 and -1.0 +/- 0.3 kg in ambulatory and bed rest, respectively). Bed rest in eucaloric conditions increased plasma C-reactive protein (CRP) (+143 +/- 53%) and both the ratios between plasma IL-6 and IL-10 (4+/-1 times) and white blood cell IL-6 and IL-10 mRNAs (5 +/- 1 times). Energy restriction prevented bed-rest-mediated increases in CRP and the IL-6 to IL-10 ratio. Bed rest increased (P = 0.03) long pentraxin-3 (PTX3) plasma concentration, without significant activity-by-diet interaction. In all conditions (n = 36), CRP and PTX3 were inversely correlated (r = -0.61; P < 0.001). Changes in fat mass, leptin, and IL-6 directly correlated with CRP and inversely correlated with PTX3. IL-10 inversely correlated with CRP and directly correlated with PTX3 (r = 0.52; P < 0.01).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/1844913
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