The neurotrophin brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a key survival factor for neural cells. In particular, in neuroblastoma tumour cells, expression of the BDNF/TrkB autocrine signalling system promotes a more malignant phenotype and resistance to chemotherapy. The human BDNF gene contains two clusters of upstream exons encoding the 5 UTR (exon 1 to exon 3 and exon 4 to exon 9a), these are alternatively spliced to a common exon 9, which contains the coding region and the 3 UTR. At least 34 different BDNF mRNA transcripts can be generated, although their physiological role is still unknown. The purpose of this study is to determine which BDNF transcript is involved in cell survival of the human neuroblastoma cell lines SH-SY-5Y (single-copy MYCN) and SK-N-BE (amplified MYCN). Expression of human BDNF mRNAs encoding all possible isoforms was characterised in the two neuroblastoma cell lines. We then investigated whether selective silencing of the different BDNF mRNAs using speci

BDNF splice variants from the second promoter cluster support cell survival of differentiated neuroblastoma upon cytotoxic stress

BAJ, Gabriele;TONGIORGI, Enrico
2009

Abstract

The neurotrophin brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a key survival factor for neural cells. In particular, in neuroblastoma tumour cells, expression of the BDNF/TrkB autocrine signalling system promotes a more malignant phenotype and resistance to chemotherapy. The human BDNF gene contains two clusters of upstream exons encoding the 5 UTR (exon 1 to exon 3 and exon 4 to exon 9a), these are alternatively spliced to a common exon 9, which contains the coding region and the 3 UTR. At least 34 different BDNF mRNA transcripts can be generated, although their physiological role is still unknown. The purpose of this study is to determine which BDNF transcript is involved in cell survival of the human neuroblastoma cell lines SH-SY-5Y (single-copy MYCN) and SK-N-BE (amplified MYCN). Expression of human BDNF mRNAs encoding all possible isoforms was characterised in the two neuroblastoma cell lines. We then investigated whether selective silencing of the different BDNF mRNAs using speci
JOURNAL OF CELL SCIENCE
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2261373
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