Polysaccharide thickeners (alginate, carboxymethylated guar gum and carboxymethylated cellulose) used for the preparation of printing pastes, were recycled from printing paste residues and from wastewater concentrates, which were separated by ultrafiltration technique from wastewater after screen printing of cotton with reactive dyes. Concentrated aqueous polysaccharide solutions were studied via rheological measurements under steady and oscillatory shear conditions. A satisfactory fitting of viscosity data is obtained with the Cross equation and mechanical spectra are described with satisfactory approximation with the Friedrich–Braun model. The obtained parameters enable a quantitative interpretation of the changes in rheological properties. Moderate changes produced by thickener recycling on the shear-thinning and viscoelastic behaviour of polymers are a direct result of changes in molecular weight averages (MWA) and molecular weight distribution (MWD).

A study of rheological and molecular weight properties of recycled polysaccharides used as thickeners in textile printing

LAPASIN, ROMANO
2009

Abstract

Polysaccharide thickeners (alginate, carboxymethylated guar gum and carboxymethylated cellulose) used for the preparation of printing pastes, were recycled from printing paste residues and from wastewater concentrates, which were separated by ultrafiltration technique from wastewater after screen printing of cotton with reactive dyes. Concentrated aqueous polysaccharide solutions were studied via rheological measurements under steady and oscillatory shear conditions. A satisfactory fitting of viscosity data is obtained with the Cross equation and mechanical spectra are described with satisfactory approximation with the Friedrich–Braun model. The obtained parameters enable a quantitative interpretation of the changes in rheological properties. Moderate changes produced by thickener recycling on the shear-thinning and viscoelastic behaviour of polymers are a direct result of changes in molecular weight averages (MWA) and molecular weight distribution (MWD).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2262234
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