Angular distributions of N 1s photoelectrons from fixed-in-space NO2 molecules have been measured over the energy region of shape resonance and above. A multiple-coincidence velocity-map imaging technique for observation of molecular frame photoelectron angular distributions MF-PADs has been extended to nonlinear molecular targets. Density functional theory calculations have also been conducted to elucidate the photoionization dynamics and shape resonance in the N 1s photoionization of NO2. Results show that the N 1s MF-PADs exhibit strong shape variation as a function of both photoelectron kinetic energy and symmetries of final states, whereas asymmetry parameters of laboratory frame PADs show a local minimum around the shape resonance region and increase monotonically as the photon energy increases. Over the shape resonance, the spatial shape of the photoelectron wave function with b2-symmetry closely resembles that of 5b2 unoccupied molecular orbital of NO2, although the MF-PAD pattern for b2-symmetry does not correspond directly to the 5b2 orbital shape. At higher kinetic energy of 90 eV, MF-PADs become less structured, but still show a significant dependence on the symmetry of final states.

N 1s photoelectron angular distributions from fixed-in-space NO2 molecules: Stereodynamics and symmetry considerations

STENER, MAURO;DECLEVA, PIETRO;
2010-01-01

Abstract

Angular distributions of N 1s photoelectrons from fixed-in-space NO2 molecules have been measured over the energy region of shape resonance and above. A multiple-coincidence velocity-map imaging technique for observation of molecular frame photoelectron angular distributions MF-PADs has been extended to nonlinear molecular targets. Density functional theory calculations have also been conducted to elucidate the photoionization dynamics and shape resonance in the N 1s photoionization of NO2. Results show that the N 1s MF-PADs exhibit strong shape variation as a function of both photoelectron kinetic energy and symmetries of final states, whereas asymmetry parameters of laboratory frame PADs show a local minimum around the shape resonance region and increase monotonically as the photon energy increases. Over the shape resonance, the spatial shape of the photoelectron wave function with b2-symmetry closely resembles that of 5b2 unoccupied molecular orbital of NO2, although the MF-PAD pattern for b2-symmetry does not correspond directly to the 5b2 orbital shape. At higher kinetic energy of 90 eV, MF-PADs become less structured, but still show a significant dependence on the symmetry of final states.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2304107
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