Cavitating flows, which can occur in a variety of practical cases, can be modelled with a wide range of methods. One strategy consists of using the RANS (Reynolds Averaged Navier Stokes) equations and an additional transport equation for the liquid volume fraction, where mass transfer rate due to cavitation is modelled by a mass transfer model. In this study, we compare three widespread mass transfer models available in literature for the prediction of sheet cavitation around a hydrofoil. These models share the common feature of employing empirical coefficients, to tune the models of condensation and evaporation processes, that can influence the accuracy and stability of the numerical predictions. In order to compare the different mass transfer models fairly and congruently, the empirical coefficients of the different models are first well tuned using an optimization strategy. The resulting well tuned mass transfer models are then compared considering the flow around the NACA66(MOD) and NACA009 hydrofoils. The numerical predictions based on the three different tuned mass transfer models are very close to each other and in agreement with the experimental data. Moreover, the optimization strategy seems to be stable and accurate, and could be extended to additional mass transfer models and further flow problems.

Comparison of mass transfer models for the numerical prediction of sheet cavitation around a hydrofoil

MORGUT, MITJA;NOBILE, ENRICO;
2011-01-01

Abstract

Cavitating flows, which can occur in a variety of practical cases, can be modelled with a wide range of methods. One strategy consists of using the RANS (Reynolds Averaged Navier Stokes) equations and an additional transport equation for the liquid volume fraction, where mass transfer rate due to cavitation is modelled by a mass transfer model. In this study, we compare three widespread mass transfer models available in literature for the prediction of sheet cavitation around a hydrofoil. These models share the common feature of employing empirical coefficients, to tune the models of condensation and evaporation processes, that can influence the accuracy and stability of the numerical predictions. In order to compare the different mass transfer models fairly and congruently, the empirical coefficients of the different models are first well tuned using an optimization strategy. The resulting well tuned mass transfer models are then compared considering the flow around the NACA66(MOD) and NACA009 hydrofoils. The numerical predictions based on the three different tuned mass transfer models are very close to each other and in agreement with the experimental data. Moreover, the optimization strategy seems to be stable and accurate, and could be extended to additional mass transfer models and further flow problems.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2319219
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