Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a non-fermenting Gram-negative microorganism capable of causing chronic pulmonary infection in cystic fibrosis patients and its ability to form biofilms on polystyrene and glass surfaces, as well as on cystic fibrosis-derived bronchial epithelial IB3-I cells was recently demonstrated. The latter evidence might explain the power of S. maltophilia to produce persistent lung infections, despite intensive antibiotic treatment. In addition to being important components of the extracellular biofilm matrix, polysaccharides are involved in virulence, as they contribute to bacterial survival in a hostile environment. With the aim of contributing to the elucidation of S. maltophilia virulence factors, the exopolysaccharides produced by two mucoid clinical isolates of S. maltophilia obtained from two cystic fibrosis patients were completely characterised, mainly by means of ESI-MS and NMR spectroscopy. The results showed that, although the two isolates were recovered from two different patients living in different countries (Italy and France), the exopolysaccharides produced have an identical primary structure, composed of one Glc, two GalA, one GlcA. The exopolysaccharide is highly negatively charged for the presence of three uronic acids on four residues in the repeating unit. Moreover, an ether-linked D-lactate substituent is located on C-3 and one Oacetyl group on C-4 of the galacturonic acid side chain. Another O-acetyl group substitutes C-2 of the galacturonic acid in the backbone, making this primary structure unique.

A novel highly charged exopolysaccharide produced by two strains of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia recovered from patients with cystic fibrosis

CESCUTTI, PAOLA;CUZZI, BRUNO;LIUT, GIANFRANCO;RIZZO, ROBERTO
2011

Abstract

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a non-fermenting Gram-negative microorganism capable of causing chronic pulmonary infection in cystic fibrosis patients and its ability to form biofilms on polystyrene and glass surfaces, as well as on cystic fibrosis-derived bronchial epithelial IB3-I cells was recently demonstrated. The latter evidence might explain the power of S. maltophilia to produce persistent lung infections, despite intensive antibiotic treatment. In addition to being important components of the extracellular biofilm matrix, polysaccharides are involved in virulence, as they contribute to bacterial survival in a hostile environment. With the aim of contributing to the elucidation of S. maltophilia virulence factors, the exopolysaccharides produced by two mucoid clinical isolates of S. maltophilia obtained from two cystic fibrosis patients were completely characterised, mainly by means of ESI-MS and NMR spectroscopy. The results showed that, although the two isolates were recovered from two different patients living in different countries (Italy and France), the exopolysaccharides produced have an identical primary structure, composed of one Glc, two GalA, one GlcA. The exopolysaccharide is highly negatively charged for the presence of three uronic acids on four residues in the repeating unit. Moreover, an ether-linked D-lactate substituent is located on C-3 and one Oacetyl group on C-4 of the galacturonic acid side chain. Another O-acetyl group substitutes C-2 of the galacturonic acid in the backbone, making this primary structure unique.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2330620
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