The aim of this meta-analysis regarding the use of surface electromyography (sEMG) is to assess the scientific evidence for detectable correlations between the masticatory system and muscle activity of the other body districts, particularly those mainly responsible for body posture. A literature survey was performed using the PubMed database, covering the period from January 1966 to April 2011, and choosing medical subject headings. After selection, five articles qualified for the final analysis. One study article was judged to be of medium quality, the remaining four of low quality. No study included a control group or follow-up; in only one study, subjects with impairment of the masticatory system were enrolled. In all studies, detectable correlations between the masticatory systems and muscle activity of the other body districts, or vice versa, were found; however, after a reappraisal of the data provided in these studies, only weak correlations were found, which reached biological, but not clinical relevance. With the limitations that arise from the poor methodological quality of the published study reports discussed here, the conclusion is that a correlation between the masticatory system and muscle activity of the other body districts might be detected through sEMG under experimental conditions; however, this correlation has little clinical relevance. While more investigations with improved levels of scientific evidence are needed, the current evidence does not support clinically relevant correlations between the masticatory system and the muscle activity of other body districts, including those responsible for body posture.

Associations between the masticatory system and muscle activity of other body districts. A meta-analysis of surface electromyography studies.

PERINETTI, GIUSEPPE;DI LENARDA, Roberto;CONTARDO, LUCA
2011

Abstract

The aim of this meta-analysis regarding the use of surface electromyography (sEMG) is to assess the scientific evidence for detectable correlations between the masticatory system and muscle activity of the other body districts, particularly those mainly responsible for body posture. A literature survey was performed using the PubMed database, covering the period from January 1966 to April 2011, and choosing medical subject headings. After selection, five articles qualified for the final analysis. One study article was judged to be of medium quality, the remaining four of low quality. No study included a control group or follow-up; in only one study, subjects with impairment of the masticatory system were enrolled. In all studies, detectable correlations between the masticatory systems and muscle activity of the other body districts, or vice versa, were found; however, after a reappraisal of the data provided in these studies, only weak correlations were found, which reached biological, but not clinical relevance. With the limitations that arise from the poor methodological quality of the published study reports discussed here, the conclusion is that a correlation between the masticatory system and muscle activity of the other body districts might be detected through sEMG under experimental conditions; however, this correlation has little clinical relevance. While more investigations with improved levels of scientific evidence are needed, the current evidence does not support clinically relevant correlations between the masticatory system and the muscle activity of other body districts, including those responsible for body posture.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2433320
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