Sexual dysfunction is a very important but often overlooked symptom of multiple sclerosis. To investigate the type and frequency of symptoms of sexual dysfunction in patient suffering from multiple sclerosis, we performed a case-control study comparing 108 unselected patient with definite multiple sclerosis, 97 patient with chronic disease and 1 10 healthy individuals with regard to sexual function, sphincteric function, physical disorders impeding sexual activity and the impact of sexual dysfunction on social life. Information has been collected from a face-to-face structured interview performed by a doctor of the same gender as the patient. The disability, the cognitive performances, the psychiatric conditions and the psychological profile of patien t a nd co ntrols have bee n assessed. Sexul a dysfu nction was prese nt in 73.1% of cases, in 39.2% of chronic disease co ntrols and in 12.7% of h e althy co ntrols (P < 0.000 1). Male cases reported symptoms of sexual dysfunction more freq ue ntly th an female cases (P <0.002). Symptoms of sexual dysfunction more commonly reported in patient with multiple scerosis were anorgasmia or hyporgasmia (37.1%), decreased vaginal lubrication (35.7%) and reduced libido (31.4%) in women, and impotence or erectile dysfunction (63.2%), ejaculatory dysfunction and/or orgasmic dysfunction (50%) and reduced libido (39.5%) in men. Seventy-five per cent of cases, 51.% of chronic disease controls and 28.2% of healthy controls (P <0.0001) experienced symptoms of sphincteric dysfunction. In conldusion, a substantial part of our sample of patient with multiple sclerosis reported symptoms of sexual and sphincteric dysfunction. Both sexual and sphincteric dysfunction were significantly more common in patient with multiple sclerosis than in either control group. Our findings suggest that a peculiar damage of the structures involved in sexual function is responsible for the dysfunction in patient with multiple scerosis, but the highly significant lower frequency of symptoms of depression and anxiety in healthy controls may also imply a possible causative role of psychological factors.

Sexual dysfunction in multiple sderosis: a case-control study. 1. Frequency and comparison of groups

MORETTI, Rita;
1999

Abstract

Sexual dysfunction is a very important but often overlooked symptom of multiple sclerosis. To investigate the type and frequency of symptoms of sexual dysfunction in patient suffering from multiple sclerosis, we performed a case-control study comparing 108 unselected patient with definite multiple sclerosis, 97 patient with chronic disease and 1 10 healthy individuals with regard to sexual function, sphincteric function, physical disorders impeding sexual activity and the impact of sexual dysfunction on social life. Information has been collected from a face-to-face structured interview performed by a doctor of the same gender as the patient. The disability, the cognitive performances, the psychiatric conditions and the psychological profile of patien t a nd co ntrols have bee n assessed. Sexul a dysfu nction was prese nt in 73.1% of cases, in 39.2% of chronic disease co ntrols and in 12.7% of h e althy co ntrols (P < 0.000 1). Male cases reported symptoms of sexual dysfunction more freq ue ntly th an female cases (P <0.002). Symptoms of sexual dysfunction more commonly reported in patient with multiple scerosis were anorgasmia or hyporgasmia (37.1%), decreased vaginal lubrication (35.7%) and reduced libido (31.4%) in women, and impotence or erectile dysfunction (63.2%), ejaculatory dysfunction and/or orgasmic dysfunction (50%) and reduced libido (39.5%) in men. Seventy-five per cent of cases, 51.% of chronic disease controls and 28.2% of healthy controls (P <0.0001) experienced symptoms of sphincteric dysfunction. In conldusion, a substantial part of our sample of patient with multiple sclerosis reported symptoms of sexual and sphincteric dysfunction. Both sexual and sphincteric dysfunction were significantly more common in patient with multiple sclerosis than in either control group. Our findings suggest that a peculiar damage of the structures involved in sexual function is responsible for the dysfunction in patient with multiple scerosis, but the highly significant lower frequency of symptoms of depression and anxiety in healthy controls may also imply a possible causative role of psychological factors.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2510139
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