In this work, carbohydrate-based systems designed as artificial ion transporters have been surveyed. Despite the large structural diversity and ease of manipulations of carbohydrates, in principle endowed with a variety of desirable properties for ionophoric activity, only few examples of sugar-containing compounds have been reported in the literature for these purposes. The most remarkable example is the family of modified b-cyclodextrins, resulting in active cation and/or anion transporters when long, flexible n-alkyl or oligo-ethylene or butylene glycol chains are appended at the lower rim of the macrocycle. Interesting features have been also found in amphiphilic CyPLOS (Cyclic Phosphate-Linked Oligosaccharide) dimers, that is macrocycles with two phenyl-b-D-glucopyranoside residues, 4,6-linked through phosphodiester bonds, derivatized with tetraethylene glycol tentacles. A wider repertoire of available carbohydrate-based scaffolds is expected to largely stimulate the discovery of novel, efficient artificial ionophores, of great interest for both technological and biomedical applications.

Carbohydrate-based synthetic ion transporters

BOCCALON, MARIANGELA;TECILLA, PAOLO
2012

Abstract

In this work, carbohydrate-based systems designed as artificial ion transporters have been surveyed. Despite the large structural diversity and ease of manipulations of carbohydrates, in principle endowed with a variety of desirable properties for ionophoric activity, only few examples of sugar-containing compounds have been reported in the literature for these purposes. The most remarkable example is the family of modified b-cyclodextrins, resulting in active cation and/or anion transporters when long, flexible n-alkyl or oligo-ethylene or butylene glycol chains are appended at the lower rim of the macrocycle. Interesting features have been also found in amphiphilic CyPLOS (Cyclic Phosphate-Linked Oligosaccharide) dimers, that is macrocycles with two phenyl-b-D-glucopyranoside residues, 4,6-linked through phosphodiester bonds, derivatized with tetraethylene glycol tentacles. A wider repertoire of available carbohydrate-based scaffolds is expected to largely stimulate the discovery of novel, efficient artificial ionophores, of great interest for both technological and biomedical applications.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2543943
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