Several rhodium(I) and iridium(I) complexes displayed different degrees of antitumour activity when tested in mice bearing Ehrlich ascites carcinoma. Rhodium (I) and iridium (I) acetylacetonate derivatives caused a high percentage of cures. The rhodium (I) dimers were particularly interesting, since (bis(cycloocta-1,5-diene)micromicron' dichlorodirhodium(I) [RhCODCl]2) was highly effective, whereas its analogues, bis(bicyclo[2,2,1]hepta-2,5-diene)micromicron'-dichlorodirhodium(I) [RhNBDCl]2) and bis(1,5-hexadiene)micromicron' dichlorodirhodium(I) [RhEDCl]2) were virtually inactive. The absence of significant inhibition of DNA, RNA and protein syntheses in tumour cells found for [RhCODCl]2 at therapeutically active dosages, indicates that this substance has a different mechanism of action from that of cis-dichlorodiammine Pt(II) (cis-PDD). The amount of rhodium found in tumour cells after administration of active [RhCODCl]2 was higher than that for [RhEDCl]2, while the rhodium concentration in the ascitic fluid was much higher for [RhEDCl]2. A mechanism based on the chemical properties of the complexes is tentatively proposed for explaining these findings and selective toxicity for tumour cells.

Antitumor action of rhodium(I) and iridium(I) complexes

GIRALDI, TULLIO;SAVA, GIANNI;
1978-01-01

Abstract

Several rhodium(I) and iridium(I) complexes displayed different degrees of antitumour activity when tested in mice bearing Ehrlich ascites carcinoma. Rhodium (I) and iridium (I) acetylacetonate derivatives caused a high percentage of cures. The rhodium (I) dimers were particularly interesting, since (bis(cycloocta-1,5-diene)micromicron' dichlorodirhodium(I) [RhCODCl]2) was highly effective, whereas its analogues, bis(bicyclo[2,2,1]hepta-2,5-diene)micromicron'-dichlorodirhodium(I) [RhNBDCl]2) and bis(1,5-hexadiene)micromicron' dichlorodirhodium(I) [RhEDCl]2) were virtually inactive. The absence of significant inhibition of DNA, RNA and protein syntheses in tumour cells found for [RhCODCl]2 at therapeutically active dosages, indicates that this substance has a different mechanism of action from that of cis-dichlorodiammine Pt(II) (cis-PDD). The amount of rhodium found in tumour cells after administration of active [RhCODCl]2 was higher than that for [RhEDCl]2, while the rhodium concentration in the ascitic fluid was much higher for [RhEDCl]2. A mechanism based on the chemical properties of the complexes is tentatively proposed for explaining these findings and selective toxicity for tumour cells.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2563449
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