beta-Blockers are widely used in the treatment of high blood pressure. To study clinical and pharmacological role of beta-adrenoceptor antagonist with intrinsic sympathomimetic activity (ISA), lymphocyte beta 2-adrenoceptor density, assessed by 3H-dihydroalprenolol binding, was investigated in 10 hypertensive patients (8 male, 2 female) aged 20-62 years before and after treatment with mepindolol (5 mg o.i.d.). After 3 months of therapy, both systolic (from 169.7 +/- 28.3 mmHg to 146.5 +/- 17.6 mmHg) and diastolic (from 108.7 +/- 17.5 mmHg to 93.6 +/- 8.7 mmHg) blood pressure decreased significantly. Similarly heart rate decreased after treatment (from 76.5 +/- 10.1 b/min to 62.7 +/- 3.4 b/min). Mepindolol treatment decreased beta 2-adrenoceptor density from 1112.2 +/- 459.6 sites/cell to 295.1 +/- 131.2 sites/cell. Plasma noradrenaline values did not correlate with lymphocyte beta 2-receptor number both before and after treatment. Our results show that ISA may play an important role in modulating beta 2-adrenoceptor density on lymphocyte surface. This biological effect could be relevant in reducing the so called "propranolol rebound effect".

[Activity and number of lymphocyte beta adrenergic receptors after protracted treatment with mepindolol sulfate of patients with essential arterial hypertension].

FABRIS, BRUNO;FISCHETTI, Fabio;CARRETTA, RENZO
1990-01-01

Abstract

beta-Blockers are widely used in the treatment of high blood pressure. To study clinical and pharmacological role of beta-adrenoceptor antagonist with intrinsic sympathomimetic activity (ISA), lymphocyte beta 2-adrenoceptor density, assessed by 3H-dihydroalprenolol binding, was investigated in 10 hypertensive patients (8 male, 2 female) aged 20-62 years before and after treatment with mepindolol (5 mg o.i.d.). After 3 months of therapy, both systolic (from 169.7 +/- 28.3 mmHg to 146.5 +/- 17.6 mmHg) and diastolic (from 108.7 +/- 17.5 mmHg to 93.6 +/- 8.7 mmHg) blood pressure decreased significantly. Similarly heart rate decreased after treatment (from 76.5 +/- 10.1 b/min to 62.7 +/- 3.4 b/min). Mepindolol treatment decreased beta 2-adrenoceptor density from 1112.2 +/- 459.6 sites/cell to 295.1 +/- 131.2 sites/cell. Plasma noradrenaline values did not correlate with lymphocyte beta 2-receptor number both before and after treatment. Our results show that ISA may play an important role in modulating beta 2-adrenoceptor density on lymphocyte surface. This biological effect could be relevant in reducing the so called "propranolol rebound effect".
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2635612
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