To assess the acute effects of alcohol on baroreceptor reflex in moderate and heavy drinkers with essential hypertension and in healthy subjects who drank moderately, four groups of age and sex matched subjects were studied. Group 1 consisted of 10 healthy subjects (age range 21-50 (mean 37.4(10.5) years), who usually drank less than 200 g of alcohol per week; group 2 patients (age range 21-50 (mean 37.4(10.3) years) with mild or moderate essential hypertension and whose weekly alcohol consumption was less than 200 g; and groups 3 and 4 patients with mild or moderate hypertension (age range 21-50 (mean 37.2(10.2) years and 21-52 (mean 38.1(10.4) years respectively), who usually drank greater than 700 g of alcohol per week. In groups 1-3 an infusion of alcohol (7 mg.kg-1.min-1) in 500 ml of 5\% glucose was administered for 1 h to keep blood concentrations constant (6-7 g.litre-1), whereas in group 4 the dose was doubled (blood concentration 10-11 g.litre-1). Baroreceptor sensitivity was measured by the phenylephrine method before and after alcohol infusion and one or two days later before and after infusion of 500 ml of 5\% glucose. In healthy subjects and in moderate drinkers with hypertension the alcohol reduced baroreflex sensitivity significantly (from 17.5(9.5) to 13.8(8.4); p less than 0.01 and from 15(10) to 10.5(6.7) ms.mmHg-1, p less than 0.01 respectively), whereas in the heavy drinkers with hypertension it was significantly reduced only at the highest dose of alcohol (from 12.5(6) to 7.9(3.5) ms.mmHg-1; p less than 0.02).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Acute effects of intravenous infusions of alcohol on baroreceptor sensitivity in essential hypertension.

CARRETTA, RENZO;BARDELLI, MORENO;FISCHETTI, Fabio;
1988-01-01

Abstract

To assess the acute effects of alcohol on baroreceptor reflex in moderate and heavy drinkers with essential hypertension and in healthy subjects who drank moderately, four groups of age and sex matched subjects were studied. Group 1 consisted of 10 healthy subjects (age range 21-50 (mean 37.4(10.5) years), who usually drank less than 200 g of alcohol per week; group 2 patients (age range 21-50 (mean 37.4(10.3) years) with mild or moderate essential hypertension and whose weekly alcohol consumption was less than 200 g; and groups 3 and 4 patients with mild or moderate hypertension (age range 21-50 (mean 37.2(10.2) years and 21-52 (mean 38.1(10.4) years respectively), who usually drank greater than 700 g of alcohol per week. In groups 1-3 an infusion of alcohol (7 mg.kg-1.min-1) in 500 ml of 5\% glucose was administered for 1 h to keep blood concentrations constant (6-7 g.litre-1), whereas in group 4 the dose was doubled (blood concentration 10-11 g.litre-1). Baroreceptor sensitivity was measured by the phenylephrine method before and after alcohol infusion and one or two days later before and after infusion of 500 ml of 5\% glucose. In healthy subjects and in moderate drinkers with hypertension the alcohol reduced baroreflex sensitivity significantly (from 17.5(9.5) to 13.8(8.4); p less than 0.01 and from 15(10) to 10.5(6.7) ms.mmHg-1, p less than 0.01 respectively), whereas in the heavy drinkers with hypertension it was significantly reduced only at the highest dose of alcohol (from 12.5(6) to 7.9(3.5) ms.mmHg-1; p less than 0.02).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2635617
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