OBJECTIVE:Recent studies supported the use of protein cross-linking agents during bonding procedures to inactivate endogenous dentin proteases, preventing dentin collagen degradation thus improving bond durability. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC)-containing conditioner on the stability of the adhesive interface created by two etch-and-rinse adhesives. METHODS: Human dentin was etched with 35% phosphoric acid, treated with 0.3M EDC-containing conditioner followed by a three-step or a two-step etch-and-rinse adhesive. Adhesives were applied to control specimens without EDC pre-treatment. Specimens were subjected to microtensile bond strength test and pulled to failure after 24h or 1 year of storage and interfacial nanoleakage expression was evaluated and quantified by light microscopy. Additionally, to investigate endogenous dentin matrix metalloproteinase activity a zymographic assay was performed on protein extracts obtained from phosphoric-acid-etched dentin powder with or without EDC treatment. RESULTS: The use of the EDC-containing conditioner did not affect immediate bond strength to dentin but contributed to preserve the bond strength after 1 year (p<0.05) for both tested adhesives. No difference was found in the interfacial nanoleakage expression that increased after aging irrespective from the treatment. EDC pre-treatment inhibited dentin endogenous MMPs as assayed with the zymography. SIGNIFICANCE: In conclusion, the results of the study provide proof that EDC can produce long-term inactivation of MMPs in acid-etched dentin matrices contributing to bond strength preservation over time. Future studies are needed to support the use of EDC in vivo.

Effect of carbodiimide (EDC) on the bond stability of etch-and-rinse adhesive systems.

DI LENARDA, Roberto;
2013

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:Recent studies supported the use of protein cross-linking agents during bonding procedures to inactivate endogenous dentin proteases, preventing dentin collagen degradation thus improving bond durability. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC)-containing conditioner on the stability of the adhesive interface created by two etch-and-rinse adhesives. METHODS: Human dentin was etched with 35% phosphoric acid, treated with 0.3M EDC-containing conditioner followed by a three-step or a two-step etch-and-rinse adhesive. Adhesives were applied to control specimens without EDC pre-treatment. Specimens were subjected to microtensile bond strength test and pulled to failure after 24h or 1 year of storage and interfacial nanoleakage expression was evaluated and quantified by light microscopy. Additionally, to investigate endogenous dentin matrix metalloproteinase activity a zymographic assay was performed on protein extracts obtained from phosphoric-acid-etched dentin powder with or without EDC treatment. RESULTS: The use of the EDC-containing conditioner did not affect immediate bond strength to dentin but contributed to preserve the bond strength after 1 year (p<0.05) for both tested adhesives. No difference was found in the interfacial nanoleakage expression that increased after aging irrespective from the treatment. EDC pre-treatment inhibited dentin endogenous MMPs as assayed with the zymography. SIGNIFICANCE: In conclusion, the results of the study provide proof that EDC can produce long-term inactivation of MMPs in acid-etched dentin matrices contributing to bond strength preservation over time. Future studies are needed to support the use of EDC in vivo.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2720697
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