Polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) respond to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) with a respiratory burst (RB) only after adherence to surfaces coated with extracellular matrix proteins such as fibronectin and fibrinogen (permissive substrates) but not with others such as laminin or collagen (nonpermissive substrates). As PMN adherence to both types of surfaces is dependent on beta(2) integrins, we investigated the molecular basis of the different metabolic response to TNF. In particular, we evaluated the relative role of each beta(2) integrin (alpha(L)beta(2), alpha(M)beta(2), and alpha(X)beta(2)) in adherence and O(2)(-) production of PMN residing on fibronectin- and laminin-coated surfaces, which were considered as models of permissive and nonpermissive surfaces, respectively. By using alpha chain-specific monoclonal antibodies (mAb), we show that alpha(M)beta(2) and alpha(X)beta(2) mediate adherence to fibronectin and laminin; alpha(L)beta(2) is not involved in adherence to laminin and has only a minimal contribution in adherence to fibronectin. Furthermore, production of O(2)(-) in response to TNF was induced by immobilized anti-alpha(L)beta(2) but not anti-alpha(M)beta(2) or anti-alpha(X)beta(2) mAb. A strong correlation was also found between expression of alpha(L)beta(2) and TNF-induced RB on fibronectin. Lastly, PMN responded to TNF on laminin with a RB after the inclusion of alpha(L)-specific mAb in the laminin coat. Thus, we conclude that TNF-induced RB by PMN residing on fibronectin is mediated by alpha(L)beta(2) and that alpha(M)beta(2) and alpha(X)beta(2) are likely to play an ancillary role to the signaling activity of alpha(L)beta(2) by facilitating its recruitment to sites of adherence. The nonpermissiveness of laminin appears to be a consequence of its inability to act as a ligand for alpha(L)beta(2)

Evidence that TNF-induced respiratory burst of adherent PMN is mediated by integrin alpha(L)beta(2).

DECLEVA, EVA;MENEGAZZI, RENZO;
2002

Abstract

Polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) respond to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) with a respiratory burst (RB) only after adherence to surfaces coated with extracellular matrix proteins such as fibronectin and fibrinogen (permissive substrates) but not with others such as laminin or collagen (nonpermissive substrates). As PMN adherence to both types of surfaces is dependent on beta(2) integrins, we investigated the molecular basis of the different metabolic response to TNF. In particular, we evaluated the relative role of each beta(2) integrin (alpha(L)beta(2), alpha(M)beta(2), and alpha(X)beta(2)) in adherence and O(2)(-) production of PMN residing on fibronectin- and laminin-coated surfaces, which were considered as models of permissive and nonpermissive surfaces, respectively. By using alpha chain-specific monoclonal antibodies (mAb), we show that alpha(M)beta(2) and alpha(X)beta(2) mediate adherence to fibronectin and laminin; alpha(L)beta(2) is not involved in adherence to laminin and has only a minimal contribution in adherence to fibronectin. Furthermore, production of O(2)(-) in response to TNF was induced by immobilized anti-alpha(L)beta(2) but not anti-alpha(M)beta(2) or anti-alpha(X)beta(2) mAb. A strong correlation was also found between expression of alpha(L)beta(2) and TNF-induced RB on fibronectin. Lastly, PMN responded to TNF on laminin with a RB after the inclusion of alpha(L)-specific mAb in the laminin coat. Thus, we conclude that TNF-induced RB by PMN residing on fibronectin is mediated by alpha(L)beta(2) and that alpha(M)beta(2) and alpha(X)beta(2) are likely to play an ancillary role to the signaling activity of alpha(L)beta(2) by facilitating its recruitment to sites of adherence. The nonpermissiveness of laminin appears to be a consequence of its inability to act as a ligand for alpha(L)beta(2)
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2743100
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 23
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact