A revision based on the morphological and genetic analyses of 133 specimens of black-fruited, endolithic Caloplaca belonging to subgenus Pyrenodesmia is presented. The material was collected in 16 sites distributed along a transept from Gargano (Central Italy) to the southeastern Alps, from sea level to ca 1500 m. The nuclear ITS was sequenced for all themycobionts and selected representatives of photobionts. Except for the sorediate C. erodens, all species share the same algal lineage of Trebouxia as photobiont. The haplotype analysis of the mycobionts revealed an unexpected, high genetic heterogeneity. Three main morphotypic clusters were recognized among five species [C. albopruinosa (syn. C. agardhiana auct.), C. alociza, C. badioreagens, C. erodens, and C. variabilis]. A phylogenetic analysis, including already available Caloplaca sequence data, revealed that these lichens form a monophyletic group within the genus. For each species, notes on ecology, distribution in Italy, and nomenclature are given.

A combined molecular and morphological approach to species delimitation in black-fruited, endolithic Caloplaca : high genetic and low morphological diversity

MUGGIA, LUCIA;TRETIACH, Mauro
2008

Abstract

A revision based on the morphological and genetic analyses of 133 specimens of black-fruited, endolithic Caloplaca belonging to subgenus Pyrenodesmia is presented. The material was collected in 16 sites distributed along a transept from Gargano (Central Italy) to the southeastern Alps, from sea level to ca 1500 m. The nuclear ITS was sequenced for all themycobionts and selected representatives of photobionts. Except for the sorediate C. erodens, all species share the same algal lineage of Trebouxia as photobiont. The haplotype analysis of the mycobionts revealed an unexpected, high genetic heterogeneity. Three main morphotypic clusters were recognized among five species [C. albopruinosa (syn. C. agardhiana auct.), C. alociza, C. badioreagens, C. erodens, and C. variabilis]. A phylogenetic analysis, including already available Caloplaca sequence data, revealed that these lichens form a monophyletic group within the genus. For each species, notes on ecology, distribution in Italy, and nomenclature are given.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2758958
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