Caffeine complexation by chlorogenic acid (3-caffeoylquinic acid, CAS Number [327-97-9]) in aqueous solution as well as caffeine-chlorogenate complex in freshly prepared coffee brews have been investigated by high-resolution 1 H-NMR. Caffeine and chlorogenic acid self-associations have also been studied and self-association constants have been determined resorting to both classical isodesmic model and a recently introduced method of data analysis able to provide also the critical aggregation concentration (cac). Furthermore, caffeine-chlorogenate association constant was measured. For the caffeine, the average value of the self-association constant determined by isodesmic model ( K i  = 7.6 ± 0.5 M −1 ) is in good agreement with the average value ( K a  = 10 ± 1.8 M −1 ) determined with the method which permits the determination of the cac (8.43 ± 0.05 mM). Chlorogenic acid shows a slight decreased tendency to aggregation with a lower average value of association constants ( K i  = 2.8 ± 0.6 M −1 ; K a  = 3.4 ± 0.6 M −1 ) and a critical concentration equal to 24 ± 1 mM. The value of the association constant of the caffeine-chlorogenate complex (30 ± 4 M −1 ) is compatible with previous studies and within the typical range of reported association constants for other caffeine-polyphenol complexes. Structural features of the complex have also been investigated, and the complex conformation has been rediscussed. Caffeine chemical shifts comparison (monomeric, complexed, coffee brews) clearly indicates a significant amount of caffeine is complexed in beverage real system, being chlorogenate ions the main complexing agents.

NMR Reinvestigation of the Caffeine–Chlorogenate Complex in Aqueous Solution and in Coffee Brews

FONTANIVE, LUCA;
2009

Abstract

Caffeine complexation by chlorogenic acid (3-caffeoylquinic acid, CAS Number [327-97-9]) in aqueous solution as well as caffeine-chlorogenate complex in freshly prepared coffee brews have been investigated by high-resolution 1 H-NMR. Caffeine and chlorogenic acid self-associations have also been studied and self-association constants have been determined resorting to both classical isodesmic model and a recently introduced method of data analysis able to provide also the critical aggregation concentration (cac). Furthermore, caffeine-chlorogenate association constant was measured. For the caffeine, the average value of the self-association constant determined by isodesmic model ( K i  = 7.6 ± 0.5 M −1 ) is in good agreement with the average value ( K a  = 10 ± 1.8 M −1 ) determined with the method which permits the determination of the cac (8.43 ± 0.05 mM). Chlorogenic acid shows a slight decreased tendency to aggregation with a lower average value of association constants ( K i  = 2.8 ± 0.6 M −1 ; K a  = 3.4 ± 0.6 M −1 ) and a critical concentration equal to 24 ± 1 mM. The value of the association constant of the caffeine-chlorogenate complex (30 ± 4 M −1 ) is compatible with previous studies and within the typical range of reported association constants for other caffeine-polyphenol complexes. Structural features of the complex have also been investigated, and the complex conformation has been rediscussed. Caffeine chemical shifts comparison (monomeric, complexed, coffee brews) clearly indicates a significant amount of caffeine is complexed in beverage real system, being chlorogenate ions the main complexing agents.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2759572
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