AIMS: To evaluate the long-term changes of clinical and echocardiographic parameters, the incidence of cardiac events and parameters associated with late cardiac events in 'super-responders' to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) with [CRT defibrillator (CRT-D)] or without defibrillator back-up. METHODS AND RESULTS: In all consecutive patients treated with CRT in two Italian centres (Trieste and Udine) with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤0.35 at implantation (Timp) and LVEF > 0.50 1 and/or 2 years (Tnorm) after implantation, the long-term outcome and the evolution of echocardiographic parameters were assessed; factors associated with a higher risk of cardiac events, defined as hospitalization or death for heart failure (HF), sudden death, or CRT-D appropriate interventions, were also analysed. Among the 259 patients evaluated, 62 (24%) had LVEF ≥ 0.50 at Tnorm (n = 44 with at 1 year, n = 18 at 2 years). During a mean follow-up of 68 ± 30 months, one cardiac death (for HF) and eight cardiovascular events (two hospitalization for HF and six appropriate CRT-D interventions) occurred. At the last echo evaluation (Tfup) performed 51 ± 26 months after Timp, LVEF was <0.50 in five patients (>0.45 in four of them). At univariable analysis, only LV end-systolic volume evaluated at Tfup was associated with a higher risk of cardiac events during follow-up. CONCLUSION: In 'super-responders' to CRT long-term outcome is excellent. However, cardiac events, mainly CRT-D appropriate interventions, can occur despite the persistence of LVEF > 0.50. Early identification of these patients is still an unsolved issue

Long-term outcome of 'super-responder' patients to cardiac resynchronization therapy.

ZECCHIN, MASSIMO
;
PROCLEMER, ALBERTO;MAGNANI, SILVIA;Muser D;Nordio A;BARBATI, GIULIA;PUGGIA, ILARIA;SINAGRA, GIANFRANCO;Proclemer A.
2014-01-01

Abstract

AIMS: To evaluate the long-term changes of clinical and echocardiographic parameters, the incidence of cardiac events and parameters associated with late cardiac events in 'super-responders' to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) with [CRT defibrillator (CRT-D)] or without defibrillator back-up. METHODS AND RESULTS: In all consecutive patients treated with CRT in two Italian centres (Trieste and Udine) with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤0.35 at implantation (Timp) and LVEF > 0.50 1 and/or 2 years (Tnorm) after implantation, the long-term outcome and the evolution of echocardiographic parameters were assessed; factors associated with a higher risk of cardiac events, defined as hospitalization or death for heart failure (HF), sudden death, or CRT-D appropriate interventions, were also analysed. Among the 259 patients evaluated, 62 (24%) had LVEF ≥ 0.50 at Tnorm (n = 44 with at 1 year, n = 18 at 2 years). During a mean follow-up of 68 ± 30 months, one cardiac death (for HF) and eight cardiovascular events (two hospitalization for HF and six appropriate CRT-D interventions) occurred. At the last echo evaluation (Tfup) performed 51 ± 26 months after Timp, LVEF was <0.50 in five patients (>0.45 in four of them). At univariable analysis, only LV end-systolic volume evaluated at Tfup was associated with a higher risk of cardiac events during follow-up. CONCLUSION: In 'super-responders' to CRT long-term outcome is excellent. However, cardiac events, mainly CRT-D appropriate interventions, can occur despite the persistence of LVEF > 0.50. Early identification of these patients is still an unsolved issue
2014
4-nov-2013
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2759766
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