BACKGROUND: The purpose was to compare 3-dimensional quantitative coronary angiography (3D-QCA) with optical coherence tomography (OCT) for the functional assessment of nonobstructive coronary stenoses, as evaluated by fractional flow reserve (FFR). METHODS: Fifty-five nonobstructive coronary stenoses (30%-50% diameter stenosis by visual estimation) were assessed in 36 patients using FFR, 2-dimensional QCA (2D-QCA), 3D-QCA, and OCT. RESULTS: Angiographic stenosis severity by 2D-QCA was 34% ± 13% diameter stenosis, and minimal lumen diameter (MLD) was 1.77 ± 0.58 mm. Fractional flow reserve values were 0.85 ± 0.10. Correlation coefficients between FFR and MLD or minimal lumen area (MLA) were highly significant for both 2D- and 3D-QCA (all P < .001), but higher R(2) values were observed for 3D-QCA measurements. Although significant, correlation coefficients between OCT and FFR data were weak (R(2) = 0.28, P = .001 for MLD and R(2) = 0.23, P = .003 for MLA). Correlation coefficients with FFR were significantly higher for 3D-QCA than for OCT (P values for MLD and MLA = .043 and .042, respectively). Nonobstructive stenoses with MLD >1.53 mm or MLA >2.43 mm(2) are unlikely to be hemodynamically significant. CONCLUSIONS: In nonobstructive coronary stenoses, anatomical parameters derived from 3D-QCA can best identify lesions with preserved FFR values.

Quantitative angiography and optical coherence tomography for the functional assessment of nonobstructive coronary stenoses: comparison with fractional flow reserve.

BARBATI, GIULIA;SINAGRA, GIANFRANCO;
2013

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The purpose was to compare 3-dimensional quantitative coronary angiography (3D-QCA) with optical coherence tomography (OCT) for the functional assessment of nonobstructive coronary stenoses, as evaluated by fractional flow reserve (FFR). METHODS: Fifty-five nonobstructive coronary stenoses (30%-50% diameter stenosis by visual estimation) were assessed in 36 patients using FFR, 2-dimensional QCA (2D-QCA), 3D-QCA, and OCT. RESULTS: Angiographic stenosis severity by 2D-QCA was 34% ± 13% diameter stenosis, and minimal lumen diameter (MLD) was 1.77 ± 0.58 mm. Fractional flow reserve values were 0.85 ± 0.10. Correlation coefficients between FFR and MLD or minimal lumen area (MLA) were highly significant for both 2D- and 3D-QCA (all P < .001), but higher R(2) values were observed for 3D-QCA measurements. Although significant, correlation coefficients between OCT and FFR data were weak (R(2) = 0.28, P = .001 for MLD and R(2) = 0.23, P = .003 for MLA). Correlation coefficients with FFR were significantly higher for 3D-QCA than for OCT (P values for MLD and MLA = .043 and .042, respectively). Nonobstructive stenoses with MLD >1.53 mm or MLA >2.43 mm(2) are unlikely to be hemodynamically significant. CONCLUSIONS: In nonobstructive coronary stenoses, anatomical parameters derived from 3D-QCA can best identify lesions with preserved FFR values.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2759772
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