This study aimed at investigating the effect of a methacrylate-modified chitosan on the durability of adhesive interfaces to improve the clinical performance of dental restorations. Chitosan was modified with methacrylic acid (Chit-MA70) on 16 % of the amino groups. Viscosity, rheology and 1H-NMR spectroscopy were performed to characterise the modified polysaccharide. Chit-MA70 was blended into a primer of an “etch&rinse” experimental adhesive system and tested on human teeth. The presence of methacrylate moieties and of residual positive charges on the polysaccharide chain allowed Chit-MA70 to covalently bind to the restorative material and electrostatically interact with demineralised dentine. The Chit-MA70 containing adhesive system showed values of the immediate bond strength (26.0 ± 8.7 MPa) comparable to the control adhesive system (25.5 ± 8.7 MPa). However, it was shown that upon performing mechanical thermo-mechanical cycling treatment of the dental restoration on human teeth, the adhesive with the methacrylate-modified chitosan, in variance with the control adhesive, did not show any decrease in the bond strength (28.4 ± 8.8 MPa). The modified chitosan is proposed as a component of the etch and rinse adhesive system to efficiently improve the durability of dental restorations.

Use of methacrylate-modified chitosan to increase the durability of dentine bonding systems

DIOLOSÀ, MARINA;DONATI, IVAN;TURCO, GIANLUCA;CADENARO, MILENA;DI LENARDA, Roberto;BRESCHI, LORENZO;PAOLETTI, SERGIO
2014

Abstract

This study aimed at investigating the effect of a methacrylate-modified chitosan on the durability of adhesive interfaces to improve the clinical performance of dental restorations. Chitosan was modified with methacrylic acid (Chit-MA70) on 16 % of the amino groups. Viscosity, rheology and 1H-NMR spectroscopy were performed to characterise the modified polysaccharide. Chit-MA70 was blended into a primer of an “etch&rinse” experimental adhesive system and tested on human teeth. The presence of methacrylate moieties and of residual positive charges on the polysaccharide chain allowed Chit-MA70 to covalently bind to the restorative material and electrostatically interact with demineralised dentine. The Chit-MA70 containing adhesive system showed values of the immediate bond strength (26.0 ± 8.7 MPa) comparable to the control adhesive system (25.5 ± 8.7 MPa). However, it was shown that upon performing mechanical thermo-mechanical cycling treatment of the dental restoration on human teeth, the adhesive with the methacrylate-modified chitosan, in variance with the control adhesive, did not show any decrease in the bond strength (28.4 ± 8.8 MPa). The modified chitosan is proposed as a component of the etch and rinse adhesive system to efficiently improve the durability of dental restorations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2829414
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