Objectives This study investigated the effect of hand elevation on reductions in finger blood flow (FBF) induced by hand-transmitted vibration. Methods Fourteen males attended six sessions on six separate days, with a control sessions and a vibration session (125-Hz vibration at 44 ms 2 r.m.s.) with the right hand supported at each of three elevations: 20 cm below heart level (HL), at HL, and 20 cm above HL. Finger blood flow on the left and right hand was measured every 30 s during each 25-minute session comprised of five periods: (i) no force and no vibration (5 minutes), (ii) 2-N force and no vibration (5 minutes), (iii) 2-N force and vibration (5 minutes), (iv) 2-N force and no vibration (5 minutes), and (v) no force and no vibration (5 minutes). Results Without vibration, FBF decreased with increasing elevation of the hand. During vibration of the right hand, FBF reduced on both hands. With elevation of the right hand, the percentage reduction in FBF due to vibration (relative to FBF on the same finger at the same elevation before exposure to vibration) was similar on the middle and little fingers of both hands. After cessation of vibration, there was delayed return of FBF with all three hand heights. Conclusions Vibration of one hand reduces finger blood flow on both exposed and unexposed hands, with the reduction dependent on the elevation of the hand. The mechanisms responsible for vibration-induced reductions in FBF seem to reduce blood flow as a percentage of the blood flow without vibration. Tasks requiring the elevation of the hands will be associated with lower FBF, and the FBF will be reduced further if there is exposure to hand-transmitted vibration.

Reduction in finger blood flow induced by hand-transmitted vibration: effect of hand elevation

MAURO, MARCELLA;BOVENZI, MASSIMO;
2015

Abstract

Objectives This study investigated the effect of hand elevation on reductions in finger blood flow (FBF) induced by hand-transmitted vibration. Methods Fourteen males attended six sessions on six separate days, with a control sessions and a vibration session (125-Hz vibration at 44 ms 2 r.m.s.) with the right hand supported at each of three elevations: 20 cm below heart level (HL), at HL, and 20 cm above HL. Finger blood flow on the left and right hand was measured every 30 s during each 25-minute session comprised of five periods: (i) no force and no vibration (5 minutes), (ii) 2-N force and no vibration (5 minutes), (iii) 2-N force and vibration (5 minutes), (iv) 2-N force and no vibration (5 minutes), and (v) no force and no vibration (5 minutes). Results Without vibration, FBF decreased with increasing elevation of the hand. During vibration of the right hand, FBF reduced on both hands. With elevation of the right hand, the percentage reduction in FBF due to vibration (relative to FBF on the same finger at the same elevation before exposure to vibration) was similar on the middle and little fingers of both hands. After cessation of vibration, there was delayed return of FBF with all three hand heights. Conclusions Vibration of one hand reduces finger blood flow on both exposed and unexposed hands, with the reduction dependent on the elevation of the hand. The mechanisms responsible for vibration-induced reductions in FBF seem to reduce blood flow as a percentage of the blood flow without vibration. Tasks requiring the elevation of the hands will be associated with lower FBF, and the FBF will be reduced further if there is exposure to hand-transmitted vibration.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2831454
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