The combined use of electroencephalography (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (EEG-fMRI) in epilepsy allows the noninvasive hemodynamic characterization of epileptic discharge-related neuronal activations. The aim of this study was to investigate pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying epileptic activity by exploring the spatial and temporal distribution of fMRI signal modifications during seizure in a single patient with posttraumatic epilepsy. EEG and fMRI data were acquired during two scanning sessions: a spontaneous critical episode was observed during the first, and interictal events were recorded during the second. The EEG-fMRI data were analyzed using the general linear model (GLM). Blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) localization derived from the preictal and artifact-free postictal phase was concordant with the BOLD localization of the interictal epileptiform discharges identified in the second session, pointing to a left perilesional mesiofrontal area. Of note, BOLD signal modifications were already visible several seconds before seizure onset. In brief, BOLD activations from the preictal, postictal, and interictal epileptiform discharge analysis appear to be concordant with the clinically driven localization hypothesis, whereas a widespread network of activations is detected during the ictal phase in a partial seizure.

Spatial and temporal EEG-fMRI changes during preictal and postictal phases in a patient with posttraumatic epilepsy

MANGANOTTI, PAOLO
2014

Abstract

The combined use of electroencephalography (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (EEG-fMRI) in epilepsy allows the noninvasive hemodynamic characterization of epileptic discharge-related neuronal activations. The aim of this study was to investigate pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying epileptic activity by exploring the spatial and temporal distribution of fMRI signal modifications during seizure in a single patient with posttraumatic epilepsy. EEG and fMRI data were acquired during two scanning sessions: a spontaneous critical episode was observed during the first, and interictal events were recorded during the second. The EEG-fMRI data were analyzed using the general linear model (GLM). Blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) localization derived from the preictal and artifact-free postictal phase was concordant with the BOLD localization of the interictal epileptiform discharges identified in the second session, pointing to a left perilesional mesiofrontal area. Of note, BOLD signal modifications were already visible several seconds before seizure onset. In brief, BOLD activations from the preictal, postictal, and interictal epileptiform discharge analysis appear to be concordant with the clinically driven localization hypothesis, whereas a widespread network of activations is detected during the ictal phase in a partial seizure.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2832965
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