AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the short and long-term effects of repetitive magnetic stimulation on the sacral roots in a homogeneous group of patients affected by stress incontinence. METHODS: Twenty women with urinary stress incontinence were randomly assigned to an active or a sham stimulation group. Fifteen-Hz repetitive magnetic stimulation of the sacral roots (S2-S4) was applied for 15 min. Patients were treated with magnetic stimulation for 3 days a week for 2 weeks (6 times in all). The clinical outcome was assessed before (T1) and 1 week (T2) and 1 month (T3) after stimulation. Main outcome measures were: the King's Health Questionnaire, the SEAPI-QMM scale and the amount of urinary loss in a 1-h pad test and stress test. RESULTS: At T2 patients in the active stimulation group showed improvement in health perception (P<0.001), social limitation (P<0.01), sleep/energy performance (P<0.05) and severity measure score (P<0.05) not observed in the sham stimulation group; a significant decrease in SEAPI-QMM score was noted only in the active group at T2 (P<0.05). These results were no longer observed at T3. We also observed a decrease in the amount of urine loss quantified with the pad test and stress test in the active stimulation group. CONCLUSION: Repetitive magnetic stimulation of the sacral roots has a short-term effect on some aspects of the quality of life of the patients, but it did not prove effective using quantified measurement.

Repetitive magnetic stimulation of the sacral roots for the treatment of stress incontinence: a brief report

MANGANOTTI, PAOLO;
2007

Abstract

AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the short and long-term effects of repetitive magnetic stimulation on the sacral roots in a homogeneous group of patients affected by stress incontinence. METHODS: Twenty women with urinary stress incontinence were randomly assigned to an active or a sham stimulation group. Fifteen-Hz repetitive magnetic stimulation of the sacral roots (S2-S4) was applied for 15 min. Patients were treated with magnetic stimulation for 3 days a week for 2 weeks (6 times in all). The clinical outcome was assessed before (T1) and 1 week (T2) and 1 month (T3) after stimulation. Main outcome measures were: the King's Health Questionnaire, the SEAPI-QMM scale and the amount of urinary loss in a 1-h pad test and stress test. RESULTS: At T2 patients in the active stimulation group showed improvement in health perception (P<0.001), social limitation (P<0.01), sleep/energy performance (P<0.05) and severity measure score (P<0.05) not observed in the sham stimulation group; a significant decrease in SEAPI-QMM score was noted only in the active group at T2 (P<0.05). These results were no longer observed at T3. We also observed a decrease in the amount of urine loss quantified with the pad test and stress test in the active stimulation group. CONCLUSION: Repetitive magnetic stimulation of the sacral roots has a short-term effect on some aspects of the quality of life of the patients, but it did not prove effective using quantified measurement.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2833131
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