Background Anatomic and pathological characteristics of the valgus knee deformity represent a challenging issue for the implant of a total knee arthroplasty. The surgical approach in such cases should allow a direct ad easy exposure of the joint, easy lateral soft tissue balancing and adequate patellar tracking. Materials and Methods Twenty-four total knee arthroplasties were implanted in valgus knees between January 2002 and September 2005. A mean preoperative valgus deformity of 18° was assessed on standing x-rays. Four posterior stabilized, eighteen posterior stabilized rotating platform prosthesis and two superstabilized prosthesis were implanted in 21 patients. The surgical approach has been in all cases a lateral parapatellectomy. Follow-up assessments were obtained for all patients at a mean 23 months. They consisted of a Knee Society Score and a Patellar Score evaluation, standing AP and lateral radiograms and skyline x-rays obtained at a flection of 45°. Results A mean preoperative Knee Society Clinical Score of 32,7 points (range, -4 to 64 points) significantly improved at follow-up to an average 88,8 points (range, 57 to 99 points; p<0,05). The Knee Society Function Score significantly increased from a preoperative mean score of 32,7 points (range, -20 to 75 points) to an average followup score of 81,2 points (range, 30 to 100 points; p<0.05). The Patella Score revealed absence of anterior pain in all cases but one that reported severe pain. A satisfactory patello-femoral alignement of 4.7° (range, 1° to 10°) was obtained at last follow-up x-rays. One intraoperative condilar fracture occured and was treated with a single screw. Discussion The lateral approach of valgus knees led to satisfactory results in primary total knee arthroplasties in a percentage of cases comparable or superior to those presented in literature for different approaches. In addition, lateral release is performed as a part of the approach itself, allows preservation of the blood supplies of the extensor apparatus and an optimal patellar tracking in most cases. Conclusions In conclusion, the lateral approach for a primary total knee arthroplasty could be recommended in valgus knees affected by osteoarthritis because as it proved to be effective in achieving a satisfactory implant positioning and functional outcome while reporting minor complications.

Lateral parapatellar approach in primary total knee arthroplasty of the valgus knee

MURENA, LUIGI;
2007

Abstract

Background Anatomic and pathological characteristics of the valgus knee deformity represent a challenging issue for the implant of a total knee arthroplasty. The surgical approach in such cases should allow a direct ad easy exposure of the joint, easy lateral soft tissue balancing and adequate patellar tracking. Materials and Methods Twenty-four total knee arthroplasties were implanted in valgus knees between January 2002 and September 2005. A mean preoperative valgus deformity of 18° was assessed on standing x-rays. Four posterior stabilized, eighteen posterior stabilized rotating platform prosthesis and two superstabilized prosthesis were implanted in 21 patients. The surgical approach has been in all cases a lateral parapatellectomy. Follow-up assessments were obtained for all patients at a mean 23 months. They consisted of a Knee Society Score and a Patellar Score evaluation, standing AP and lateral radiograms and skyline x-rays obtained at a flection of 45°. Results A mean preoperative Knee Society Clinical Score of 32,7 points (range, -4 to 64 points) significantly improved at follow-up to an average 88,8 points (range, 57 to 99 points; p<0,05). The Knee Society Function Score significantly increased from a preoperative mean score of 32,7 points (range, -20 to 75 points) to an average followup score of 81,2 points (range, 30 to 100 points; p<0.05). The Patella Score revealed absence of anterior pain in all cases but one that reported severe pain. A satisfactory patello-femoral alignement of 4.7° (range, 1° to 10°) was obtained at last follow-up x-rays. One intraoperative condilar fracture occured and was treated with a single screw. Discussion The lateral approach of valgus knees led to satisfactory results in primary total knee arthroplasties in a percentage of cases comparable or superior to those presented in literature for different approaches. In addition, lateral release is performed as a part of the approach itself, allows preservation of the blood supplies of the extensor apparatus and an optimal patellar tracking in most cases. Conclusions In conclusion, the lateral approach for a primary total knee arthroplasty could be recommended in valgus knees affected by osteoarthritis because as it proved to be effective in achieving a satisfactory implant positioning and functional outcome while reporting minor complications.
http://link.springer.com/journal/10195/8/1/suppl/page/1
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2833148
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