Introduction The objective of the present study is to evaluate medium-term results of the Simons procedure for the treatment of congenital clubfoot. Material and methods Fifteen patients affected by III degree congenital talipes equinovarus (TEV) were treated surgically. TEV was bilateral in seven cases, thus the total number of operated feet were 22. The patients underwent peritalar release according to Simons, and were evaluated postoperatively with antero-posterior and lateral view X-rays. Clinical and radiological follow-up was at mean 6.7 years (range 2–13 years). Clinical and morpho-functional evaluations were performed in agreement with Manes and Laaveg/Ponseti. Also, all patients were evaluated at standard X-ray two-projection stress views, photopodogram and baropodometric exam. Results Of the 15 operated patients, two were not available for followup. Therefore, a total of 20 feet were evaluated. Two patients underwent another surgical intervention for deformity recurrence. At follow-up no patient presented with pain at rest. According to Manes 13 cases had good results, five cases had satisfactory results, and two cases had bad results. Results at Laaeveg and Ponseti evaluation were excellent in 16 cases, good in two cases, and unsatisfactory in two cases. Anteroposterior radiographic exam revealed an alteration of the astragalo-calcanear divergence in seven feet and a reduction of Kite angle in three patients. At lateral view, X-rays revealed a reduction of the astragalo-calcanear angle, compared to normal values, in 12 cases. The scaphoid was dorsally subdislocated in eight cases. Photopodogram evaluation showed accentuation of the plantar vault in five cases, Static baropodometric examination showed a backward shift of the body baricenter, which determined an overload at the normal hindfoot. Discussion In the present study, we perform a complete peritalar release as described by Simons, which seems to guarantee better chances of restoring correct astragalo-calcanear anatomy. In terms of deformity correction, the clinical and morphological results were satisfactory in 90% of cases. However, a data analysis of long-term follow-up studies reported in the literature over the last years demonstrates that less invasive treatment is better than the surgical approach. In fact, the latter is more likely to determine development of pain, functional limitation, and beginning and progression of foot osteoarthritis. Despite the good results obtained with the peritalar release technique in short-term and mid-term studies, the therapeutic choice for treating TEV is unanimously shifting from extensive releases to less aggressive treatments.

Peritalar release according to Simons for treatment of congenital clubfoot: medium-term clinical and X-ray results

MURENA, LUIGI;
2009

Abstract

Introduction The objective of the present study is to evaluate medium-term results of the Simons procedure for the treatment of congenital clubfoot. Material and methods Fifteen patients affected by III degree congenital talipes equinovarus (TEV) were treated surgically. TEV was bilateral in seven cases, thus the total number of operated feet were 22. The patients underwent peritalar release according to Simons, and were evaluated postoperatively with antero-posterior and lateral view X-rays. Clinical and radiological follow-up was at mean 6.7 years (range 2–13 years). Clinical and morpho-functional evaluations were performed in agreement with Manes and Laaveg/Ponseti. Also, all patients were evaluated at standard X-ray two-projection stress views, photopodogram and baropodometric exam. Results Of the 15 operated patients, two were not available for followup. Therefore, a total of 20 feet were evaluated. Two patients underwent another surgical intervention for deformity recurrence. At follow-up no patient presented with pain at rest. According to Manes 13 cases had good results, five cases had satisfactory results, and two cases had bad results. Results at Laaeveg and Ponseti evaluation were excellent in 16 cases, good in two cases, and unsatisfactory in two cases. Anteroposterior radiographic exam revealed an alteration of the astragalo-calcanear divergence in seven feet and a reduction of Kite angle in three patients. At lateral view, X-rays revealed a reduction of the astragalo-calcanear angle, compared to normal values, in 12 cases. The scaphoid was dorsally subdislocated in eight cases. Photopodogram evaluation showed accentuation of the plantar vault in five cases, Static baropodometric examination showed a backward shift of the body baricenter, which determined an overload at the normal hindfoot. Discussion In the present study, we perform a complete peritalar release as described by Simons, which seems to guarantee better chances of restoring correct astragalo-calcanear anatomy. In terms of deformity correction, the clinical and morphological results were satisfactory in 90% of cases. However, a data analysis of long-term follow-up studies reported in the literature over the last years demonstrates that less invasive treatment is better than the surgical approach. In fact, the latter is more likely to determine development of pain, functional limitation, and beginning and progression of foot osteoarthritis. Despite the good results obtained with the peritalar release technique in short-term and mid-term studies, the therapeutic choice for treating TEV is unanimously shifting from extensive releases to less aggressive treatments.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2833158
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