Subject: In the presence of minimal acetabular bone loss most revision procedures can be done with the use of an uncemented hemispheric device with or without morselized allograft. The use of modular porous tantalum augments and cups has been recently introduced to address more severe bone deficiencies. The purpose of this study is to describe the surgical technique and early clinical results obtained with trabecular metal acetabular augments in cases of acetabular revision with severe bone loss. Materials and Methods: Since November 2003 seven acetabular revisions have been done by means of TMT® augments and cups: the primary indication for acetabular revision was aseptic loosening in five patients and septic loosening in two patients. According to Paprosky classification the acetabular bone defects were classified as follows: 2B in two hips, 2C in one hip, 3A in two hips and 3B in three hips. In two cases it was the first surgical hip replacement procedure. Five cases were multiple revisions. Results: At an average follow-up of 24 months no implant had evidence of loosening or migration. No dislocations occurred. Discussions and Conclusions: Augments provide mechanical support to hemispheric cups of various dimensions. This surgical technique avoids the use of structural allograft, helps to restore the center of hip rotation and increases contact area between the implant and the host bone for biological fixation. Longer follow-up is required to verify survival of these implants and potential mechanical and biologic complications related to use of this modular TMT® system.

Acetabular revision surgery in the presence of severe bone loss: surgical technique and early results with modular porous tantalum augments and cups

MURENA, LUIGI;
2006

Abstract

Subject: In the presence of minimal acetabular bone loss most revision procedures can be done with the use of an uncemented hemispheric device with or without morselized allograft. The use of modular porous tantalum augments and cups has been recently introduced to address more severe bone deficiencies. The purpose of this study is to describe the surgical technique and early clinical results obtained with trabecular metal acetabular augments in cases of acetabular revision with severe bone loss. Materials and Methods: Since November 2003 seven acetabular revisions have been done by means of TMT® augments and cups: the primary indication for acetabular revision was aseptic loosening in five patients and septic loosening in two patients. According to Paprosky classification the acetabular bone defects were classified as follows: 2B in two hips, 2C in one hip, 3A in two hips and 3B in three hips. In two cases it was the first surgical hip replacement procedure. Five cases were multiple revisions. Results: At an average follow-up of 24 months no implant had evidence of loosening or migration. No dislocations occurred. Discussions and Conclusions: Augments provide mechanical support to hemispheric cups of various dimensions. This surgical technique avoids the use of structural allograft, helps to restore the center of hip rotation and increases contact area between the implant and the host bone for biological fixation. Longer follow-up is required to verify survival of these implants and potential mechanical and biologic complications related to use of this modular TMT® system.
http://link.springer.com/journal/10195/7/1/suppl/page/1
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2835700
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