A 2 μm thick layer of TiO2 nanotube arrays was prepared on the surface of the Ti fibers of a nonwoven web electrode. After it was doped with Pd nanoparticles (1.5 mgPd cm−2), this anode was employed in a direct alcohol fuel cell. Peak power densities of 210, 170, and 160 mW cm−2 at 80 °C were produced if the cell was fed with 10 wt % aqueous solutions of ethanol, ethylene glycol, and glycerol, respectively, in 2 M aqueous KOH. The Pd loading of the anode was increased to 6 mg cm−2 by combining four single electrodes to produce a maximum peak power density with ethanol at 80 °C of 335 mW cm−2. Such high power densities result from a combination of the open 3 D structure of the anode electrode and the high electrochemically active surface area of the Pd catalyst, which promote very fast kinetics for alcohol electro-oxidation. The peak power and current densities obtained with ethanol at 80 °C approach the output of H2-fed proton exchange membrane fuel cells.

Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells: Toward the Power Densities of Hydrogen-Fed Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

FORNASIERO, Paolo;WANG, LIANQIN;
2015

Abstract

A 2 μm thick layer of TiO2 nanotube arrays was prepared on the surface of the Ti fibers of a nonwoven web electrode. After it was doped with Pd nanoparticles (1.5 mgPd cm−2), this anode was employed in a direct alcohol fuel cell. Peak power densities of 210, 170, and 160 mW cm−2 at 80 °C were produced if the cell was fed with 10 wt % aqueous solutions of ethanol, ethylene glycol, and glycerol, respectively, in 2 M aqueous KOH. The Pd loading of the anode was increased to 6 mg cm−2 by combining four single electrodes to produce a maximum peak power density with ethanol at 80 °C of 335 mW cm−2. Such high power densities result from a combination of the open 3 D structure of the anode electrode and the high electrochemically active surface area of the Pd catalyst, which promote very fast kinetics for alcohol electro-oxidation. The peak power and current densities obtained with ethanol at 80 °C approach the output of H2-fed proton exchange membrane fuel cells.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/cssc.201402999/abstract
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2837992
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