Conversion of one or more amino acids in eukaryotic peptides to the D-enantiomer configuration is catalyzed by specific L/D-peptide isomerases and it is a poorly investigated post-translational modification. No common modified amino acid or specific modified position has been recognized, and mechanisms underlying changes in the peptide function provided by this conversion are not widely studied. The 72 amino acid crustacean hyperglycemic hormone (CHH) in Astacidea crustaceans exhibits a co-existence of two peptide enantiomers with either D- or L-phenylalanine as their third residue. It is a pleiotropic hormone regulating several physiological processes in different target tissues and along different time scales. CHH enantiomers differently affect time courses and intensities of examined processes. The short-term effects of the two isomers on gene expression were examined in the hepatopancreas, gills, hemocytes and muscles of the astacid Pontastacus leptodactylus. Gene expression in muscles and hemocytes was not affected by either of the isomers. Two modes of action for CHH were elucidated in the hepatopancreas and the gills: specific gene induction in both organs by D-CHH, and targeted attenuation caused by both enantiomers in the gills. Consequently, a two-receptor system is proposed for conveying the effect of the two CHH isomers. © 2014. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.

Different transcription regulation routes are exerted by L- And D-amino acid enantiomers of peptide hormones

MANFRIN, CHIARA;MOSCO, ALESSANDRO;GERDOL, MARCO;DE MORO, GIANLUCA;PALLAVICINI, Alberto;GIULIANINI, PIERO GIULIO
2014

Abstract

Conversion of one or more amino acids in eukaryotic peptides to the D-enantiomer configuration is catalyzed by specific L/D-peptide isomerases and it is a poorly investigated post-translational modification. No common modified amino acid or specific modified position has been recognized, and mechanisms underlying changes in the peptide function provided by this conversion are not widely studied. The 72 amino acid crustacean hyperglycemic hormone (CHH) in Astacidea crustaceans exhibits a co-existence of two peptide enantiomers with either D- or L-phenylalanine as their third residue. It is a pleiotropic hormone regulating several physiological processes in different target tissues and along different time scales. CHH enantiomers differently affect time courses and intensities of examined processes. The short-term effects of the two isomers on gene expression were examined in the hepatopancreas, gills, hemocytes and muscles of the astacid Pontastacus leptodactylus. Gene expression in muscles and hemocytes was not affected by either of the isomers. Two modes of action for CHH were elucidated in the hepatopancreas and the gills: specific gene induction in both organs by D-CHH, and targeted attenuation caused by both enantiomers in the gills. Consequently, a two-receptor system is proposed for conveying the effect of the two CHH isomers. © 2014. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2838263
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