The association between food-allergy and celiac disease (CD) is still to be clarified. We screened for CD 319 patients with severe food allergy (IgE> 85 kU/l against food proteins and a history of severe allergic reactions) who underwent specific food oral immunotherapy (OIT), together with 128 children with mild allergy who recovered without OIT, and compared the prevalence data with our historical data regarding healthy schoolchildren. Sixteen patients (5%) with severe allergy and one (0.8%) with mild allergy tested positive for both genetic and serological CD-markers, while the prevalence among the schoolchildren was 1%. Intestinal biopsies were obtained in 13/16 patients with severe allergy and in the one with mild allergy, confirming the diagnosis of CD. Sufferers from severe food allergy seem to be at a five-fold increased risk of CD. Our findings suggest that routine screening for CD should be recommended in patients with severe food allergy. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Prevalence of celiac disease in patients with severe food allergy

PILLON, ROBERTO;ZIBERNA, FABIANA;BADINA, LAURA;VENTURA, ALESSANDRO;LONGO, GIORGIO;QUAGLIA, SARA;DE LEO, LUIGINA;VATTA, SERENA;NOT, TARCISIO
;
2015

Abstract

The association between food-allergy and celiac disease (CD) is still to be clarified. We screened for CD 319 patients with severe food allergy (IgE> 85 kU/l against food proteins and a history of severe allergic reactions) who underwent specific food oral immunotherapy (OIT), together with 128 children with mild allergy who recovered without OIT, and compared the prevalence data with our historical data regarding healthy schoolchildren. Sixteen patients (5%) with severe allergy and one (0.8%) with mild allergy tested positive for both genetic and serological CD-markers, while the prevalence among the schoolchildren was 1%. Intestinal biopsies were obtained in 13/16 patients with severe allergy and in the one with mild allergy, confirming the diagnosis of CD. Sufferers from severe food allergy seem to be at a five-fold increased risk of CD. Our findings suggest that routine screening for CD should be recommended in patients with severe food allergy. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2843483
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